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Full text of "Saint Leo College Catalogue"

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RECOGNITION 



Accreditation: Candidate status in the Southern Association of Colleges 
and Schools 

Affiliation: Affiliation Program of the Catholic University of America 

Memberships: Florida Association of Colleges and Universities 
Independent Colleges and Universities of Florida 
Counci| for the Advancement of Small Colleges 



ACCREDITED 
1967 

Southern Association of Colleges & Schools 



The College reserves the right to make modifications in the degree require- 
ments, courses, schedules, calendar, regulations, fees and charges deemed 
>sary or conducive to the efficient operation of the C College. Such 
changes become e f fe cti ve from the date they are published in the College 
bulletins. 



Saint Leo 
College 




CATALOGUE 

1967-1969 



That In All Things God May Be Glorified 







CONTENTS 

I. GENERAL INFORMATION 5 

II. STUDENT LIFE AND ACTIVITIES 13 

III. FINANCIAL REGULATIONS 23 

IV. ACADEMIC REGULATIONS 31 

V. THE ACADEMIC PROGRAM 45 

VI. COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 55 

VII. PERSONNEL 105 



ACADEMIC CALENDAR 



TRIMESTER I, 1967-1968 



August 24 
August 25 



Thursday- 
Friday 



August 26-30 Saturday- 
Wednesday 
August 29 Tuesday 



August 30 



August 31 

September 8 
September 19 
September 29 



October 10 
October 23-26 

November 23 
December 4-8 

December 15 
December 16-20 



Wednesday 



Thursday 

Friday 

Tuesday 

Friday 

Monday 
Monday- 
Thursday 

Thursday 

Monday- 
Friday 

Friday 

Saturday- 
Wednesday 



December 21 Thursday 
TRIMESTER II, 1968 



January 3 
January 4-6 

January 6 
January 7 
January 8 
January 12 
January 23 



Wednesday 
Thursday- 
Saturday 
Saturday 
Sunday 
Monday 
Friday 
Tuesday 



Dormitories open to incoming freshmen. 
Freshman Registration. All freshmen will 
meet in the cafeteria in the McDonald 
Center at 8 p.m. 
Freshman Orientation. 

Dormitories open to upperclassmen at 
noon. 

Registration of upperclassmen. All upper- 
classmen will meet in the cafeteria of the 
McDonald Center at 2 p.m. 
Classes begin at 8 a.m. 

Last day to change classes or register late. 
Scholarship Convocation. 
Last day to drop courses or withdraw 
from college without penalty. 

Advisory grades due. 
Visitation of Freshman Parents. 

Thanksgiving Day — No classes. 
Registration for Trimester II. 

Last day of classes. 

Final Examinations — Students may leave 
for their Christmas holiday upon com- 
pletion of their last examination. 
Dormitories close at noon. 



Dormitories open to new students. 
Orientation of new students. 

Dormitories open for returning students. 

Registration. 

Classes begin at 8 a.m. 

Last day to change classes or register late. 

Scholarship Convocation. 



academic calendar 



February 2 

February 26 
March 4-8 
April 1-5 

April 10 
April 11-12 

April 15-19 

April 20 

April 22 
April 21-27 

April 27 



Friday 
Monday 



Last day to drop courses or withdraw 
from college without penalty. 
Advisory grades due. 



Monday-Friday Parents Week 

Monday- Registration for May Institute and 

Friday Trimester I, 1968. 

Wednesday Last day of classes. 

Thursday- Holy Thursday and Good Friday — 

Friday No classes. 

Monday- Final Examinations — Students may leave 

Friday the college upon completion of their 
last examination. 

Saturday Dormitories close to all students except 

the seniors at noon. 

Monday Final grades due. 

Sunday- Senior Week. 

Saturday 

Saturday Commencement. 



MAY INSTITUTE, 1968 
Tuesday 



April 30 

May 1 
May 29 
May 30 
May 31 



Registration. Dormitories open at noon. 

Wednesday Classes begin at 8 a.m. 

Wednesday May Institute ends. 

Thursday Dormitories close at noon. 

Friday Final grades due. 



PRE-FRESHMAN INSTITUTE, 1968 



June 30 

J"ly i 

August 9 
August 10 
August 12 



Sunday 

Monday 

Friday 

Saturday 

Monday 



Registration. Dormitories open at noon. 

Classes begin at 8 a.m. 

Pre-Freshman Institute ends. 
Dormitories close at noon. 
Final grades due. 



I. General Information 

Correspondence to the College should be addressed as follows: 

Application and Admission Information .. Dean of Records and Admissions 

Academic Affairs Dean of Academic Affairs 

Academic Records, Transcripts Dean of Records and Admissions 

Admissions, Catalogues, and 

General Information Dean of Records and Admissions 

Alumni Affairs Alumni Secretary- 
Athletics Director of Athletics 

Gifts and Bequests . .Vice President for Development and Public Relations 

Financial Affairs Bursar 

Financial Aid Secretary, Financial Aid 

Housing Dean of Men, Women 

Library Librarian 

Public Affairs Director of Public Information 

Religious Matters Chaplain 

Student Activities Dean of Student Affairs 

Summer Institutes and Workshops Director of Summer Institutes 

Veterans Matters Dean of Records and Admissions 

Saint Leo College 
Saint Leo, Florida 33574 

Office hours are from 9:00 a.m. until 4:30 p.m. Monday through Friday 
except legal holidays. Members of the College staff are available at other 
times for interviev/s by appointment. 

The College telephone number for all offices is: (904)-588-4101 Dade City 
Exchange. 



general information 

Students may be reached by calling dormitory numbers or private student 
telephones. Please call direct whenever possible. 

Dormitory numbers are supplied with housing information. 

Mail Service to Students Saint Leo College 

Saint Leo, Florida 33574 

Express Saint Leo College 

San Antonio, Florida 33576 

Freight Saint Leo College 

San Antonio, Florida 

Air Travel Tampa, Florida 

Rail Travel Dade City, Florida, or 

San Antonio, Florida 



Bus Travel Dade City, Florid 



a 



Car 1-75 to State Road 52 (East), or 

U.S. 301 to Dade City (West) 



general information 

PREVIEW 

Saint Leo College is a Catholic, liberal arts, coeducational college offering 
a four-year program leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts. It is a young 
college undergirded by a long tradition of productive education and com- 
munity development. It is oriented to a realistic view of the present with 
confidence in the future. 

The Benedictine monks who operate Saint Leo College have long been 
known as educators. It was their founder, St. Benedict of Monte Cassino, 
Italy, in the sixth century, who more than any other figure of his time 
laid the foundation of Western civilization as we know it now. Bands of 
his followers spread throughout Europe, setting up monasteries and schools 
to preserve and to build up the remains of the collapsed Roman Empire. 
Under the Benedictines' cultural leadership, the migrating Eastern hordes 
were converted to Christianity and became the forerunners of present-day 
European nations. 

Saint Leo College is rooted in three-quarters of a century of educational 
service to a developing, changing, and expanding region. On June 4, 1889, 
the Legislature of the State of Florida granted that the Order of Saint 
Benedict of Florida "shall have and possess the right and power of conferring 
the usual academic and other degrees granted by any college in this state." 

The aim was to provide for the youth of the region, especially for Catholic 
youth, an education of high quality. At the time Florida was a young state, 
having been admitted to statehood only forty-four years earlier. Central 
Florida, in which Saint Leo is located, was then in many ways frontier 
country. In keeping with the times, the first institution established was 
known as Saint Leo Military Academy. 

As the state developed and education practices and institutions changed, 
Saint Leo Military Academy became Saint Leo Preparatory School. Fully 
accredited, it offered a program of excellence not only for the college- 
bound but also for those for whom its program was terminal. 

By midcentury the Benedictines of Saint Leo recognized the obligation 
to provide higher education for Catholic and other Christian youth who 
wanted to face the realities of their age with confidence in themselves 
and their ' fellowmen. So in 1956 they established the lower division of 
Saint Leo College, which, meeting all standards of state junior colleges, 
opened its doors in 1959 to both men and women. 



general information 

During the school year 1962-1963 the faculty bent itself to the twofold 
task of evaluating the program originally organized to provide only the 
first two years of college work and of projecting the complete four-year 
program. The four-year program was introduced in the fall of 1963. In 
April 1967, the College graduated the charter class of the four-year program. 

The enrollment during the last four years has moved from 350 to 1100 
and is expected to stabilize at about 1200. A summer institute was added 
in 1965 and was further developed in 1966. The May Session and other 
institutes and workshops have been added in 1967 with the intention of 
providing students greater opportunities. The academic year extends from 
September 1 through August 15. 



THE PURPOSES OF THE COLLEGE 

The inclusive purpose or goal of Saint Leo College is to help students 
along the road toward becoming educated persons by providing them with 
tools for an understanding of themselves and their relationship with other 
men, the world, and their Creator. The purpose of the College as a church- 
related institution is to help the students to formulate their ideals within 
the Christian framework and to prepare them for an adequate confronta- 
tion with the complexities of the contemporary world. 

By reason of religious affiliation and principle, emphasis is placed upon a 
theological interpretation of the universe. This does not mean that Saint 
Leo College is a school of religion but rather that it holds that the ultimate 
explanation of all reality cannot be arrived at, and that the meaning of man's 
own existence cannot be adequately grasped, without acknowledgement 
of the Supreme Being. 

The College is committed to the belief that the liberal arts and sciences 
are indeed liberalizing and are essential in the education of responsible 
citizens in a free society. Therefore it uses the liberal arts and sciences as 
part of the tools by which the student gains both understanding and mastery 
of himself and learns how to work productively with other people in the 
world around him. 

As a residential school, the College is committed to providing for its young 
men and its young women wholesome channels for the expression of their 
intellectual, emotional, spiritual, social, and physical energies. 



general information 

To achieve the broad aims set forth above, the College is committed specif- 
ically to do the following things well: 

1. To provide an excellent four-year program in the Liberal Arts and 

Sciences leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts 

2. To provide a common core of liberal education required of all 

students as a basis for evaluation of their progress toward educa- 
tional maturity and for selection of their fields of concentration 

3. To provide within the divisions of the academic program for the 
pursuit of a selected and approved concentration in the junior 
and senior years 

4. To open the door of higher education to students whose past per- 

formance may have been poor but whose present motivation is high 

5. To provide a Christian atmosphere conducive to the development 

of human values without respect to color, race, or creed 

6. To demonstrate a forward-looking approach to higher education 

7. To provide a creative approach to teacher education sufficient 
in scope and in depth to prepare beginning teachers for both ele- 
mentary and secondary schools 

8. To contribute to the educational and cultural life of the local com- 

munity 

9. To provide a two-year program in Secretarial Science for those 
who wish to prepare for secretarial work and can spend only 
two years in college 

10. To initiate within the College, carry through, and evaluate ex- 
perimental innovations designed to improve instruction, either 
developing new research techniques needed in the evaluation of the 
innovations or utilizing proven techniques 



THE CURRICULUM 

The curriculum of Saint Leo College is structured into the five broad 
fields of the liberal arts and sciences (designated as divisions) and the Institute 
for Creative Teaching. The five divisions are as follows: 

1. Philosophy and Theology 

2. Literature and Language 



general information 

3. Fine Arts 

4. Natural Science and Mathematics 

5. Social Science 

The first division represents man's attempt to live life with meaning and 
purpose. The second and third represent his attempt to express himself and 
to communicate with others his thoughts and ideals and his concepts of 
beauty and usefulness. The fourth represents his exploration of the world 
about him and the tools used to explore it. The fifth represents his attempt 
to understand himself in the milieu of association with other human beings 
and to pursue his goals in cooperation with, and respectful of, the rights 
of others 

To support the thesis that all these divisions are important, Saint Leo College 
expects all students to investigate each one in some measure. Further, it 
expects that as their horizons are broadened the students will see more and 
more relationships which will enable them to approach life in a more 
meaningful way. Depth comes not only with further courses in a field 
but also in the continued application of knowledge throughout the whole 
college experience. No area is considered a closed book just because the 
student is no longer taking a course in it. 

As the student moves to upper division work his program will be based 
upon the concept of concentration rather than majors and minors. (Cf 
concentrations offered by each Division and by the Institute for Creative 
Teaching.) This means that he will always be asked to see his particular 
interest area in relation to the whole of knowledge rather than as a series 
of isolated subjects. The important question which will be asked of the 
prospective graduate is not "Has he completed a certain number of courses?" 
but "Has he moved significantly toward the goal of becoming an educated 
person?" 

The Institute for Creative Teaching in cooperation with the five divisions 
develops and directs the teacher education program of the College. The 
teacher education program provides for concentrations in elementary 
education and in physical education, and for the professional and subject- 
field preparation needed by those students planning to teach a specific 
subject-field in the junior or senior high school or in the junior college. 
The Institute also supervises the special terminal two-year program (fresh- 
man and sophomore years) in secretarial science. 



10 



general information 



CAMPUS FACILITIES 



The campus of Saint Leo College consists of two hundred fifty acres of 
rolling hill country edging on beautiful Lake Jovita. Facilities for outdoor 
and indoor sports located on the campus include the gymnasium, baseball 
field, track, tennis courts, handball courts, volleyball courts, and an eighteen- 
hole golf course. Lake Jovita offers excellent swimming facilities. 

Saint Francis Hall (1952). Administrative offices, classrooms, temporary 
laboratory rooms for the college science courses biology, chemistry, physics 

Gymnasium (1945). Focal point of the college athletic program for both 
intramural and varsity sports 

Auditorium (1956). Theatrical productions and a wide movie screen for 
the showing of cinemascope films. It also houses several art studios. 

Abbey Church (1947). The heart of the religious life of the College 

Library (1958). Includes conference rooms, an outstanding Floridiana 
collection, and a fine Golden Age record collection 

Crawford Hall (1961). Classrooms, faculty offices, and administrative offices 

McDonald Student Center (1962). Cafeteria, snack bar, student lounges and 
recreation areas, Post Office, and campus store 

Rec Hall (1954). Dances, games, T.V., snack bar 

Julia Deal Lewis Hall of Science (1967). Classrooms, laboratories, and offices 

William S. and Marie Selby Demonstration Auditorium (1967). 

Reception Building — Admissions and Records (1967). 

Dormitories 

Saint Leo Hall (1904, addition 1914). Administrative offices, living quarters 
for men students 

Saint Edward Hall (1927, remodeled 1963). Living quarters for men stu- 
dents and infirmary facilities 

Carmel Hall (1941). Living quarters for men students 



11 



general information 

Saint Charles Hall (1959). Monastic and some laymen living quarters 

Roderick Hall (1959). Living quarters for men students 

Priory Hall (1961). Living quarters for women students 

Benoit Hall (1965). Living quarters for men students 

Marmion Hall (1965). Living quarters for women students 

New Dorm (unnamed) (1966). Living quarters for men students 

Villa (1966). Living quarters for women students 

New Dorm (unnamed) (1967). Living quarters for women students 

SERVICES 

Among the services available at the College are: 

1. Counseling — vocational, personal, academic, spiritual 

2. Dispensary — treatment for minor medical needs. Antibiotics and 
other exotic drugs are provided at cost. Major medical needs are 
provided by student insurance coverage which is included as part 
of the year's contract 

3. Workshops and Clinics — in reading, speech, mathematics, and 
language 

4. Placement Services — for graduates 

5. Financial Aids Office — check cashing, short term borrowing up to 

S50.00 

6. Campus Store — school and personal needs 

7. Post Office — students contract directly with postal authorities 

8. Transportation — on a regular run basis to San Antonio and Dade City 

9. Library — service to both College and the nearby communities 

10. Lectures and Seminars — for students and the nearby communities 

11. Other Cultural Events — for students and the nearby communities 

12. Special Events — for students and the nearby communities 



12 



II. Student Life and Activities 

1. INTRODUCTION 

College has been defined as a place where contemplation in search of 
meaning is the daily exercise, where teachers ponder the deep questions 
of life, and students learn the science and art of so doing. For all that, college 
is not just a preparation for a future full life; it is an experiment in living, 
a testing of principle, a fulfillment in its own right. So almost every college 
sees as part of its own vision the cultivation of religious reverence and 
duty, the pleasure of social contact, the stimulation of physical athletic 
exercise, the sharing of fraternal association, and the awakening of public- 
affairs-mindedness. 

In the broad area of student affairs the College approaches student life 
not as a way of providing for excess of time and energy but as a means 
of fulfilling each student's need to be, and to be considered as, an adequate 
person and a worthy and responsible member of human society. Therefore, 
the student's recognition of the God-man relationship is necessary; self- 
government within the prescribed reality of his present situation as a student 
is necessary; provision for development and use of his leisure time is necessary; 
and opportunity for offering the results of his individual talents and abilities 
for the benefit of others is necessary. Thus, this need for adequacy, worth, 
and responsibility is provided for in the various student programs: the 
religious program; the government and clubs program; the social and 
athletic programs; and the student service program. 

At the heart of the education process should be the discovery and the 
development of permanent worthwhile values by which men can live 
adequate lives. The study and pursuit of these values — the learning about 
and the acquiring of — is not a one-time affair to be relegated to some one 
class or person. Rather, this study and pursuit must be continuous and must 
be a part of all activities which interpret the program. It is not expected 
that students will always perceive the relationships of life values through 
their engagement in various activities. The relationships should be there, 
however, and should be discoverable by the students through their own 
experiences in the program. 

2. COUNSELING 

The recognition that each person is sacred in the sight of God, preciously 
redeemed, places him in the context of value far beyond a numerical statistic 



13 



student life 

of measured success or failure. It places us presently, the members of the 
College team, in a partnership relation of exploring the potential of each 
young man and each young woman who is facing the educational and 
personal problems which attend the expanding horizons of knowledge 
of self and of the world. 

Counseling, then, is not a narrow segment of student experience that 
is measured by some remarks placed in a student's personal folder; indeed, 
the multifaceted associations which the student has with many members 
of the College faculty plus his association in casual contact with his peers 
are very pervasive forces in the development of his character. The genuine 
interest shown by almost every member of the faculty and the unmeasurable 
concern that the "bruised reed be not broken," as our founder Saint Benedict 
gently reminds the Abbot, are part of the hallmark of the Benedictine 
college. 

Coupled with this pattern of "I care" is the more specific relation of the 
assigned faculty member who is the student's personal associate during 
the college year. Working with him, the student not only organizes his 
program of studies but also learns the significance of the ways, the traditions, 
the operation of the College, and his part in it. During his years of upper 
division work, the faculty member whom he chooses will normally be 
one who understands his more specific aspirations because he himself has 
trod the same path. 

In his search for values, the student does not stand alone. As pointed out 
above, he forms values and opinions from his association with his faculty 
advisor, from his casual association with his peers, from wholehearted 
participation in his academic program of studies, and in other activities 
of the College. However, the College also provides professional counseling 
for the student who wishes to probe more deeply into his interest index, 
job placement potential, skills and ability index, and personal matters. 
The Counseling Center and the Chaplain's Office are ready to assist any 
student who may request special counseling. 



3. RELIGIOUS LIFE 

Saint Leo College is an institution of higher learning dedicated to Catholic 
ideals. However, it respects the conscience of each student in his religious 
beliefs and welcomes students of all religious beliefs who wish to attend. 

Basic to the religiously oriented college is a hierarchy of values arrived at 



14 



student life 

not only from the "way things are" but also from the "way things ought 
to be." From this point of view the religious life program of the College 
couples understanding with practice — understanding to know Christian 
values and practice to live these values. More particularly, the student is 
required to take courses in philosophy and theology as part of the general 
program of studies and is encouraged to participate fully in religious exer- 
cises as part of the Student Affairs Program. 

Chaplains are assigned to each residence hall for religious counseling. The 
student is encouraged to "drop in" and talk with the Chaplain about religious 
matters, spiritual problems, or anything else which the student deems impor- 
tant to him. It is expected that each student will see the Chaplain at least 
once each trimester. As part of his orientation to college life each new 
student is expected to see the Chaplain within the first three weeks of 
school. 

Daily and Sunday Masses are scheduled for the convenience of students. 
Similarly, confessions are heard at convenient times and places. Protestants 
are encouraged to attend services regularly in their own churches in nearby 
Dade City. 




15 



student life 

4. RECREATIONAL AND ATHLETIC PROGRAM 

Saint Leo College is committed to the education of the person. Implicit 
in this commitment is the concern of the College not only for the intellectual 
and moral development of the student but also for his physical health and 
recreational life. By active participation, the student tends to "reach out 
of himself" and to establish meaningful relationships with other students, 
faculty members, and members of the neighboring communities. The 
friendly spirit of the College — so characteristic of small colleges — is con- 
ducive to this development and gives an "at home" feeling to the student. 

Periodically, the College sponsors concerts, lectures, and plays for the 
students' education and recreation. Transportation is also provided to 
attend various artistic and cultural presentations at nearby colleges and 
cities. Frequent formal and informal social functions are held during the 
academic year. 

Students are encouraged to join clubs and other student organizations 
and to use the recreational facilities of the College. The eighteen-hole 
golf course and the swimming and boating facilities at the lake are open 
to them. Movies and dances are held on weekends. The Recreation Hall 
has facilities for games, television, and informal gatherings. 

Since athletics makes its own special contribution, Saint Leo College requires 
each student to participate in the Physical Education Program and in 
Intramurals. The purposes for required participation are to stimulate vigorous 
physical exercise, to promote physical health, and to encourage student 
interest in activities which have a recreational value and which form a 
basis for worthwhile use of leisure time. 

The Intramural Program is administered through the residence hall system. 
Each residence hall organizes teams to compete within and among the 
other residence halls to determine the champion intramural teams. Awards 
and recognition are given to members of the winning teams and points 
accrue to the winning residence hall to determine the outstanding hall on 
campus. Presently the Intramural Program includes football, volleyball, 
Softball, basketball, tennis, soccer, golf, and water sports. 

Saint Leo College has an active intercollegiate program in basketball, 
soccer, baseball, cross country, golf, and tennis. The Intercollegiate Athletic 
Program is open to all students who are eligible under the provisions 
established by the College and the NCAA regulations. 



16 



student life 

Recreation Facilities 

Recreation facilities include: 

The Recreation Hall 

The McDonald Center 

The Lakefront 

An eighteen-hole golf course 

Track, ball diamonds, tennis and handball courts 

Movies each weekend and other entertainment through local and visiting 
performers are also provided. 



5. STUDENT GOVERNMENT ASSOCIATION AND 
OTHER ORGANIZATIONS 

Through the Student Government Association and other campus organiza- 
tions and through several publications, all students have many opportunities 
to express themselves responsibly, to cultivate their particular interests, 
and to form close relationships. 

All students become members of the Student Government Association 
upon registration. As a segment of the political society in which we live, 
they are given the opportunity to learn and exercise the procedures of the 
larger society through this Association. Consequently, all students have 
their share in shaping their environment and in debating the issues of the 
day. 

The elected members of the Student Government Association constitute 
the representative branch. It is organized to promote the general welfare 
of the student body. It supervises the organization of, regulates, and co- 
ordinates clubs and other student groups. Under the auspices of the Student 
Government Association the following groups have thus far been organized: 

Phi Sigma Phi (the Greek Forum): A society for philosophical discussion 
of current affairs open to men and women 

Pi Delta Sigma (Honor Society): A society open to men and women 
made up of those students whose scholastic achievement is considerably 
above average and who are committed not only to improving their 
own scholarship but also to contributing to the intellectual life of 
the College 

Alpha Sigma: A social and service group for women 



17 






student life 

Kappa Alpha Sigma: A society for men dedicated to the ideals of Southern 
gentlemen 

Phi Theta Chi: A society for men to promote the spiritual, social, and 
mental well-being of its members 

Delta Phi Delta: A society for women founded to promote the Christian 
ideals of Saint Leo College and to develop a well-rounded group 
of young women as future leaders 

Sigma Beta: A Catholic society for men to promote the ideals of Christian 
morality, academic achievement, and fraternal association 

Alpha Sigma Chi: A service organization for men to render services to 
the College and to the student body 

Knights of Columbus: Abbot Charles Mohr Council 5360 founded in 
1964 to foster in each brother the goals of charity, patriotism, and 
fraternity to God and country 

The Gun Club: Dedicated to the promotion of good sportsmanship 
and the safe handling of firearms in this field of recreation 

The Sports Car Club: Devoted to the promotion of automobile safety 
and to the fraternity of the membership 

Karate Club: A club to develop poise, discipline in its members, to inves- 
tigate the art of self defense, and to acquaint its members with the 
culture of Oriental people 

Weight Lifting Club: To promote physical development and health 
of its members 



6. STUDENT PUBLICATIONS * 

The College encourages responsibly free expression through its sponsorship 
of several publications. 

The Monarch: The student news medium and the organ of student opinion 
The Golden Legend: The student yearbook of memorable happenings 
The Encounter: The occasional literary magazine 
The Alumnus: The news medium for former students 



*The Chronicle-Reporter, a news report of the activities in the Abbey and 
the College, is published regularly by the Abbey Press for the friends 
of Saint Leo. 



18 



student life 

7. ELIGIBILITY RULE (Officers of Student Organizations) 

Officers of student organizations, staffs of college publications, and students 
participating in public collegiate performances or contests, academic or 
athletic, are subject to the following rule: In addition to passing all courses, 
they must not be on either academic or disciplinary probation and must be 
free from official censure of any kind. 

8. STUDENT SERVICE 

Student Service is a practical concept that arises from the truly Christian 
and Benedictine tradition and is a logical outcome of the Benedictine spirit 
of cooperative endeavor. Underscoring the inherent dignity of human 
activity, it brings this activity into focus in each student's life with the hope 
that each will discover greater significance in social concern. It has its roots 
in the religious, social, and psychological needs of every person to contribute 
to the welfare of the group to which he belongs and to the individuals 
who are companion members of the group. 

It is an opportunity offered to each to contribute a share of his energy and 
talent to the well-being of the community of which he is a part; it is a 
fostering of that concern which leads to deeper involvement and commit- 
ment, which are among the qualities found in the educated man. Such 
service forms a part of the living student endowment to the other students 
and to the College. This concept of service is integral to the total program. 
Each student, therefore, upon application indicates his willingness to join 
in this aspect of Benedictine family undertaking. 

The services rendered are as broad as the needs of the College and the 
students dictate. The student's engagement in its simplest form may take 
the pattern of community housekeeping responsibilities; it may run the 
gamut of activities such as library, workshop, assistantships in sports or 
in residence halls, or dedicated involvement in campus activities. It is 
the very nature of service that it is qualitative — a thing of spirit rather than 
of matter; it cannot be measured adequately by quantitative means. How- 
ever, the minimum expectation of all students is the contribution of at 
least four (4) hours of service per week. Many students show the depth 
of their understanding, social concern, and commitment by acceptance 
of responsibility beyond the expected minimum and in more than one 
areai 



20 



student life 

9. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICE 

Saint Leo College maintains a dispensary that is supervised by a registered 
nurse. Minor illnesses and accidents are treated routinely at the dispensary. 
The nurse is in regular attendance daily. A physician is on call. Students 
who require more extensive medical treatment are referred to physicians 
in Dade City. Similarly, students who require bed-care are referred to 
Jackson Memorial Hospital in Dade City. Facilities of the hospital are 
at the disposal of the student who requires emergency treatment. 

The College has arranged for health insurance which provides for reim- 
bursement, within specific limits, for surgery and for medical and hospital 
expenses in case of hospitalization due to illness or accident. The coverage 
is in effect twenty-four hours a day, both on and off campus, through the 
academic year and includes school holidays as well as a reasonable time 
at the beginning and end of the school year for travel to and from the 
College. 

10. REMINDERS FROM THE STUDENT HANDBOOK 

The time spent in college is a particularly crucial period in the student's 
life; crucial because for many a student it represents the last opportunity 
he will have to prepare himself formally for the life which is ahead of him. 
Certainly it is precious, for none of us has an inexhaustible amount of time. 
In a brief period of four years the student re-evaluates his life in the light 
of new knowledge and experiences, readjusts his goals or perhaps discovers 
new ones, and in general reorganizes himself so that he may more reasonably 
come to grips with life's problems. This inner probing requires serious 
reflection — even meditation — and demands continuous and consistent effort. 

In keeping with the serious nature of college life, the College expects that 
each student reflect the sacredness of his commitment by exemplifying 
in his personal life conduct that befits the serious college student. To help 
the student to determine specifically what is expected of him, the Student 
Handbook establishes guidelines for a code of conduct. Such items as personal 
appearance, dress, residence hall living, and general behavior patterns are 
established in principle and in some cases in specifics. 

11. AUTOMOBILES 

Under the current policy, resident freshmen are not permitted to possess 
or to use an automobile. The only exceptions made to this rule are for 



21 



student life 

freshmen who are Veterans or are 21 years of age. Sophomores who have 
a cumulative average of 2.00 are permitted to have a car. All juniors and 
seniors are permitted to have cars unless this privilege is denied them for 
disciplinary reasons. 

12. PLACEMENT SERVICE 

The Placement Office of the College assists the student to secure meaningful 
employment after graduation. The Office maintains a Placement Library 
and has available information about current employment opportunities 
in business, industry, government, and education. It also arranges for campus 
interviews with visiting employer representatives. Confidential credentials 
of seniors and alumni are on file and are furnished to organizations interested 
in employing men and women from the College. 

In cooperation with the Counseling Center, the Placement Office sponsors 
a testing program to help the student determine his interest and to uncover 
any skills and abilities needed for particular employment. It also plans 
and implements a career orientation program and provides information 
about the techniques of the employment interview and other essentials 
for employment. 



22 



III. Financial Regulations 

1. TUITION AND FEES 

The cost of attending Saint Leo College in 1967-1968 for two trimesters 
is $2,015.00. 

1st Trimester 2nd Trimester Total 

Tuition $500.00 $500.00 $1,000.00 

Residence expense: room and board, 
laundry, accident insurance and 
minor dispensary needs, linens 515.00 500.00 1,015.00 

(Note: Rooms with airconditioning and other conveniences are $30.00 
to $50.00 more.) 

To this basic figure must be added laboratory fees for some courses and 
costs for special services. 



Laboratory Fees per Trimester 
Core courses in science No fee 

Introductory courses in science $15.00 
Advanced courses in science 
Music: Private instruction 
Art: Ceramics 
Typewriting (not Secretarial 

Science students) 
Internship and Field 

Experience courses 
Reading Clinic 
Speech Clinic 



Special Services on Occasion 
Application (once only) $15.00 
Tuition for part-time students 



25.00 


(per credit hour) 


35.00 


50.00 


Graduation 


35.00 


25.00 


Transcripts (after the 






first one) 


1.00 


10.00 


Deferred Examinations: 






Final 


5.00 


50.00 


Mid-term 


3.00 


10.00 


Called 


1.00 


10.00 


Late Registration 


10.00 




Change of Course 


10.00 




(drops, drops and adds) 





2. PAYMENT SCHEDULE 

Included with Application $15.00 

Room deposit upon acceptance 50.00 

Completion of room contract (July 1) 100.00 - 150.00 

Upon registration or before Remainder of first trimester residence 

expense and tuition 
October 1 Laboratory fees 

January registration or before Second trimester residence expense 

and tuition 
February 1 Laboratory fees 



23 






financial regulations 

3. DEFERRED PAYMENT 

All financial obligations must be completed before a student registers for 
courses. Students who are interested in a deferred-payment plan may write 
the Bursar's Office for information concerning the Educational Funds, Inc. 
By this plan, payable in eight or more monthly installments, many students 
are enabled to attend college who would otherwise find it impossible. 
However, contracts must be in by August 1. 

4. REFUND POLICY 

It is the responsibility of the individual in case of withdrawal from the 
College to make formal application through the Records Office before any 
refund of tuition will be made. (Please note section 21 in Academic Regu- 
lations.) Refunds are determined not according to the amount already 
paid, but according to a percent of total money payable in the trimester 
in which the student withdraws. Any student asked to withdraw from the 
College for disciplinary reasons will receive no refunds. 

Refunds are made on the following schedule: 

Within the first week after arrival 80 per cent 

Within one to two weeks after classes begin ... 60 per cent 

Within two to three weeks after classes begin . . 40 per cent 

After three weeks No refund 

Laboratory fees are not refundable. 

Note: Students drafted into the Armed Forces have refunds prorated. 

5. FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY 

No transcripts, letters of recommendation, certificates of attendance, or 
any other official documents will be made available for any student with 
financial indebtedness of any kind to Saint Leo College. 

6. PERSONAL PROPERTY 

The College is not responsible for loss of, nor for damage to, the personal 
property of students. Ordinarily the insurance carried by a parent auto- 
matically provides for this or can be extended for this purpose. 

Students are encouraged to establish bank accounts at a local bank. They 
may deposit surplus funds with the Bursar upon occasion. 



24 



financial regulations 

STUDENT AID 

7. INTRODUCTION 

The College provides scholarships and financial assistance to worthy students. 
These are awarded on a competitive basis to entering freshmen of out- 
standing promise. Such qualifications as the following are taken into con- 
sideration: scholastic achievement, the College Entrance Board scores, 
demonstrated financial need, character, participation in co-curricular 
activities, leadership potential, as well as any special service needed by the 
College. Normally, a personal interview is required. 

Before applying for financial aid, a new student should first be admitted 
to the College and then request a financial aid application form from the 
Financial Aid Office. This form, properly executed, should then be returned 
to the Financial Aid Office. 

The recipient of financial aid enters into a bilateral contract with the College. 
Therefore, to continue to receive financial assistance from the College a 
student must maintain good standing in the civic affairs of the College 
and a satisfactory scholastic record. Financial assistance is renewable on a 
yearly basis. 

In general, the purpose of financial aid is to assist students whose financial 
means do not match the expenses of attending college. The applicant must 
prove financial need by filing with the College Scholarship Service of 
Princeton, New Jersey, a Parents' Confidential Statement. 



The Saint Leo College Financial Aid Program combines financial assistance 
from the College and from the Federal Government. Usually, financial 
assistance is in the form of a packaged arrangement, drawing on one or 
more of various financial resources. 

Financial aid from the College is in the form of funded scholarships, grants- 
in-aid, loans, and work scholarships; and from the Federal Government 
in the form of Educational Opportunity Grants, National Defense Student 
Loans, and Work-Study Grants. The College also participates in the Guar- 
anteed Loan Program, co-sponsored by State and Federal Governments, 
and in the United Student Aid Fund Loan Program. In addition, the College 
is certified with the Education Funds, Inc., of Providence, Rhode Island, 
through which a student accepted by the College may arrange for time 
payments of educational expenses. 



25 



financial regulations 

Financial Aid Programs Sponsored by Saint Leo College 

8. FUNDED SCHOLARSHIPS 

St. Charles Borromeo Scholarship: Obtained through gifts from friends, 
founded in 1895. It is a partial scholarship for deserving students. The 
beneficiary is designated by the Reverend President and the Board of 
Admissions. 

The Mary Anne Riley Scholarship: Founded in 1918 by Col. E. R. Bradley 
of Lexington, Kentucky. The selection of the beneficiary is made by the 
Reverend President and the Board of Admissions and is to be based on 
scholarship ability. 

The St. Joseph Scholarship: Founded in 1930 by Miss M. Freihoff of Johns- 
town, Pennsylvania. It is open to students for the sacred ministry who 
feel a call to the religious life in the Order of Saint Benedict. The beneficiary 
is designated by the Rt. Rev. Chancellor and the Seminary Board. 

The Charlotte R. Campbell Scholarship: Founded in 1952 by the request 
of Charlotte R. Campbell. It is open to the students who feel a call to the 
religious life as a priest of the Order of Saint Benedict. The beneficiary 
is designated by the Rt. Rev. Chancellor and the Seminary Board. 

The Reverend John F. O' Boyle Scholarship: Founded in 1957 by Mr. and 
Mrs. C. P. McCabe for two or more partial scholarships for priesthood 
students. 

The Patrick and Margaret McCabe Scholarship: Founded in 1960 by Mr. 
and Mrs. C. P. McCabe for a partial scholarship for a deserving student 
of character and ability. 

9. GRANTS-IN-AID 

Grants-in-Aid are outright gifts to students who have exceptional and 
superior qualifications and who will render a genuine service to the College. 

10. JOHN I. LEOANRD LOAN FUND 

College Loans are granted to deserving students in financial need. Repay- 
ment begins six months after the applicant discontinues his formal education 
and must be completed on a scheduled basis within four years. The rate 



26 



financial regulations 

of interest is 5 per cent. The recipient is expected to sign a note certifying 
his obligation to repay this loan. 

11. SAINT LEO WORK SCHOLARSHIPS 

The College provides work opportunities for deserving students in financial 
need or for students who have a particular talent which can be utilized 
for the benefit of the College. Students on a work scholarship may work 
up to ten hours per week and are paid on an hourly basis. 



Financial Aid Programs Sponsored by the Federal Government 

12. EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY GRANTS 

The Educational Opportunity Grant Program provides funds of $200.00 
to $800.00 from the Federal Government, with the equivalent from the 
College in the same amount. The matching funds from the College may 
be grants, work scholarships, and loans (either College or National Defense 
Student Loan). To qualify for an Educational Opportunity Grant, the 
applicant must be in exceptional financial need, show academic or creative 
promise, be a citizen of the United States, and unable financially to attend 
college without this grant. 

13. THE COLLEGE WORK-STUDY PROGRAM 

This program is similar to the Saint Leo College Work Scholarship Program. 
The recipient may work fifteen hours per week when classes are in session 
and forty hours per week when classes are not in session. Payment for 
work done is on an hourly basis. To qualify, the applicant must be from 
a low or medium income family, a citizen of the United States, capable 
of maintaing good standing in his course of studies, and accepted as a 
full-time student in the College. 

14. NATIONAL DEFENSE STUDENT LOAN PROGRAM 

The National Defense Student Loan Program provides loans up to $1,000.00 
per year or $5,000.00 during the entire period the student is enrolled in 
college. Repayment of the loan begins the first day of the ninth month 
after the student has discontinued his formal education or has graduated. 
The rate of interest is 3 per cent simple interest, beginning with the time 



27 



financial regulations 

repayment becomes due. The repayment period is ten years. However, 
if the recipient teaches as a full-time teacher in a public or non-profit private 
elementary or secondary school, or in an institution of higher learning, 
50 per cent of the loan may be forgiven at the rate of 10 per cent for each 
year he teaches in these schools. If the recipient teaches as a full-time teacher 
in a school certified to be for children of primarily low income families, 
the entire loan may be cancelled at the rate of 15 per cent per year for each 
year he teaches. Recipients who are members of the Armed Forces of the 
United States, the Peace Corps, or Vista may have their repayment sus- 
pended for a period of three years or for the time spent in one of these 
organizations, whichever is the lesser time. To qualify for a National 
Defense Student Loan, the applicant must be a citizen of the United States, 
be in financial need, and carry at least twelve hours of academic credit. 
The applicant is required to sign an oath of allegiance to the United States. 

15. GUARANTEED LOAN PROGRAM 

A student from a family with an adjusted income of $15,000.00 or less 
a year may borrow up to $1,000.00 per year. The borrower pays no interest 
while he is attending college. Repayment of principal and interest begins 
when the student has ceased his course of studies. At that time the Federal 
Government pays approximately one-half of the interest and the student 
pays the remainder. To make application for a Guaranteed Loan, the 
student should apply to a commercial bank, mutual savings bank, savings 
and loan association, credit union, or other eligible lending agency in his 
home community. Additional information and an application may be 
obtained by writing to the State Office of the state in which the student 
resides. 



Other Financial Aid Plans 



16. UNITED STUDENT AID FUNDS, Inc. 

Under this program, a student may borrow up to $1,000.00 per year. 
Repayments begin the first day of the tenth month after the student dis- 
continues school. The rate of interest is 6 per cent simple interest. Under 
the Higher Education Act of 1965, the U. S. Commissioner of Education 
will pay the lending institution the interest on eligible loans while the 
student is in college and 3 per cent when the note becomes due. To make 
application for a United Student Aid Fund loan, the student should apply 
at his local bank or write to the Financial Aid Director of the College. 



28 



financial regulations 



17. DEFERRED PAYMENT PLAN 



The Deferred Payment Plan permits the student to meet his educational 
expenses out of income on a time-payment basis. The Education Funds, 
Inc., of Providence, Rhode Island, is the contracting agency for this purpose. 
A parent may select a one-year or multiple-year plan. Some advantages 
of the Deferred Payment Plan are the following: 

1. Convenient low cost monthly payments 

2. Life insurance on the parent 

3. Total and permanent disability coverage on the parent 

4. Trust administration in the event of the parent's death or disability, 

to be handled through the Rhode Island Hospital Trust Company 

To qualify, the student must be enrolled in Saint Leo College and must 
complete his application before August 1. An application may be secured 
by writing to the Financial Aid Director of the College. 

18. VETERANS ADMINISTRATION 

Veterans and dependents of veterans enrolled at Saint Leo College are 
eligible for training benefits by the Veterans Administration. Those plan- 
ning to attend college should consult the local Veterans Administration 
Office before applying for admission and should then follow the regular 
admission procedure. V. A. benefits are paid directly to the student. In 
order to receive payment from the Veterans Administration, the student 
must fill out a special form, available at the Office of Records and Admissions, 
at the end of each calendar month of attendance. Training time is designated 
by the Veterans Administration for each trimester as follows: 

14 or more semester hours full-time 

10-14 semester hours . . three-quarter time 

7-9 semester hours one-half time 

1-6 semester hours, .less than one-half time 



29 



m 




< 



\ 



1 



IV. Academic Regulations 



ADMISSIONS 



1. REGULAR ADMISSIONS REQUIREMENTS AND PROCEDURES 

The admission policy of Saint Leo College is governed by the general 
principle that the student who applies and is accepted possesses the ability 
to do college-level work and has the desire to attend Saint Leo College. 
To enable the Faculty Admissions Committee to arrive at a decision, the 
applicant should: 

1. Complete the application blank and attach the $15.00 application fee 

2. Request the principal of his high school to forward a transcript 
of the high school record 

3. Request a recommendation from a high school teacher or guidance 
counselor covering character, intellectual qualities, seriousness of 
purpose, and any other special evidence as a guarantee of success 
at the College 

4. Request letters of recommendation from his pastor, or employer, 
or any other person who knows him well 

5. Take the Scholastic Aptitude Test and the English Composition 
Test of the College Entrance Examination Board, Post Office 
Box 592, Princeton, New Jersey, and have the scores forwarded 
to Saint Leo College. The tests should be taken in January before 
the student graduates from high school 



The applicant's credentials are evaluated, and the tentative decision is 
rendered shortly after the Admissions Office has received the information 
requested above. The College Medical Report must be received and re- 
viewed before final acceptance. 



31 



academic regulations 

High school students are urged to keep in mind the recommendations of 
the College for entrance. They are: 

English 4 units 

Mathematics 3 units 

Science 2-3 units 

Foreign Language ... 2 units 
Social Studies 3 units 

To be reasonably sure of being accepted, a student should be prepared 
to meet the following criteria: 

1. At least a C average 

2. At least 800 on the SAT portion of the College Entrance Examina- 
tion Board 

3. Evidence of ability to write English in satisfactory fashion 

4. Evidence of fair reading skill 

5. Evidence of concern for others (Saint Leo is a residential college) 

6. Evidence that the liberal arts college experience will be profitable 
to him 

7. Evidence that he accepts the responsibility of his religious and 
civic obligations 

8. Motivation 



2. EARLY ADMISSION 

Saint Leo College will accept candidates for early admission from high 
schools which officially approve of this policy and whose programs of study 
are satisfactory. The following conditions for early admission must be fulfilled: 

1. No students will be admitted unless they are highly recommended 

by the principal of the high school 

2. The College understands that the high school will recommend only 

students whose achievement in high school has been outstanding. 

3. They are required to take the College Board Scholastic Aptitude 
Test and those College Board Achievement Tests which the College 
has recommended. They will not be considered for early admission 
unless the test scores are satisfactory. Satisfactory will mean a 
score of better than 600 on each of the College Board Scholastic 
Aptitude Tests and scores of better than 600 on the achievement 
test on English Composition. 

4. They will be accepted at the end of their third year of high school. 






academic regulations 

5. These students will be classified as regular students of the freshman 
year. However, full college credit will be allowed only after the 
student has met all of the requirements for admission into the upper 
division of Saint Leo College at the end of the sophomore year. 



3. COLLEGE BOARD ADVANCED PLACEMENT PROGRAM 

Saint Leo College invites applications from students who have taken College 
Board Advanced Placement Examinations. The College will evaluate the 
results of these tests with the possibility of offering both college credit 
and advanced placement. Students with scores of 3 (creditable), 4 (honors), 
and 5 (high honors) will be considered for credit (awarded only at the end 
of the first scholastic year) as well as for advanced placement. In some 
instances a 2 may warrant exemption from a required course. 



4. ADMISSION OF TRANSFER STUDENTS 

A student wishing to transfer from an accredited college should apply 
in writing and should have sent to the Admissions Office: 

1. An official transcript of his high school record if he has had less 
than two years of college work 

2. An official transcript of courses taken at each institution which 
he has attended, with a statement of honorable dismissal and of 
satisfactory academic standing for each 

3. Results of the Scholastic Aptitude Test and the English Composition 
Test of the College Entrance Examination Board, Post Office 
Box 592, Princeton, New Jersey 

4. A recommendation covering character, intellectual qualities, and 
seriousness of purpose 

Only courses which correspond to, or are similar to, those offered at Saint 
Leo College and in which the student has earned a grade of C or better 
are considered for transfer. Ordinarily, the transfer credits granted do not 
exceed credits given for similar courses at Saint Leo College. An evaluation 
of maximum transferable credits is made at the time of the student's accept- 
ance. Acceptance of admission by the transfer student is regarded as accept- 
ance of the evaluation of credits for transfer. No further action may be 
requested at a later date. 



33 






academic regulations 

Students transferring from other institutions will not be given advanced 
standing if they have been dismissed for poor scholarship by another college. 
Transferring students must complete successfully one full year of work 
before credits from another institution will be officially recognized and 
recorded. 

Transfer students must meet all residence, grade, and credit requirements 
if they expect to graduate from Saint Leo College. They will not ordinarily 
be accepted into upper division studies until they have met the requirements 
of the lower division. Generally, this will mean at least a trimester of resi- 
dence or until the essential lower divisional studies have been completed 
satisfactorily. Junior college students are urged to check with the Admissions 
Office as early as possible upon deciding to transfer to Saint Leo College. 



5. ADMISSION AS A SPECIAL STUDENT 

A student who wishes to enroll for courses without being a candidate 
for a degree may be admitted as a special student provided he meets the 
regular entrance requirements and proves himself qualified to pursue 
the studies concerned. A special student is subject to the same academic 
regulations and discipline as other students. However, he is given no class 
rating and is not eligible for academic honors. He is charged for courses 
at the rate of $35.00 per credit hour, plus any special fees related to his 
particular courses. Students taking less than three courses plus the General 
Seminar are classified as special students. 



GRADING 

6. THE GRADING SYSTEM 

The following grading system is used at Saint Leo College: 

A — Excellent I — Incomplete (a conditional failure depending 

upon completion or non-completion of as- 

B — Good signed work or tests in satisfactory fashion 

within three weeks after the beginning of the 

C — Fair trimester following the trimester in which the 

Incomplete (I) was incurred) 

D — Poor, but passing W — Withdrew from the College 

F — Failure FA — Failure due to excessive absence 



34 



academic regulations 

7. GRADE INTERPRETATIONS 

Grade A is reserved for work that is exceptional in quality, for work showing 
keen insight, understanding, and initiative well beyond the requirements 
of the course. This grade cannot be earned solely by conscientious prepara- 
tion of assigned work or by high grades on tests. 

Grade B is given for work that is consistently superior, for work that shows 
interest, effort, and originality that lift it well above the average. Conscien- 
tious preparation of assigned work alone does not merit B ; the grade is a 
recognition of quality. 

Grade C is a respectable grade. It is the minimum grade required for gradu- 
ation. It assumes regular attendance at class, punctuality, consistent preparation 
of work day by day, and completion in a satisfactory manner of all work 
required for the course. 

Grade D indicates below average work which is passing but below the 
standard level generally necessary for taking a course which has this course 
as a prerequisite. 

Grade F indicates failure. 

Grade I indicates conditional failure. This mark will be used only 

(1) when the work in the course is incomplete for reasons of illness or 

(2) when further evaluation by the instructor is needed before he can 
determine the final grade. 

8. QUALITY POINTS 

Quality points are assigned as follows: 

A — 4 quality points per hour; B — 3 quality points per hour; 
C — 2 quality points per hour; D — 1 quality point per hour. 

The grade point average (sometimes referred to as the honor point average) 
is defined as the ratio of the total number of quality points to the total 
number of hours carried. For example, an A in a regular course would 
earn 16 quality points; the grade point average would be 4.0. (Cf. section 
15 on courses and credits.) 



35 



academic regulations 

ACADEMIC STANDING 

9. CLASSIFICATION OF STUDENTS 

Saint Leo College requires a minimum of 31 courses plus General Seminar 
for graduation. This averages out to four courses plus General Seminar 
for each trimester. Some students are able to maintain this pace without 
difficulty. Some may need more time, either by attending summer sessions 
or by an extra trimester. Students in science and mathematics must expect 
to spend more time to meet their requirements for graduation. 

Some leeway is allowed in the number of courses required to remain a 
member of a class. 

Freshmen must have passed at least 8 courses, counting General Seminar 
121-122, to be admitted to sophomore standing. 

Sophomores must have passed at least 17 courses, counting General Seminar 
221-222, to be admitted to junior standing. (Note also the section below 
on Eligibility for Upper Division.) 

Juniors must have passed at least 26 courses, counting General Seminar 
321-322, to be admitted to senior standing. 

Seniors: over 26 courses. 

Non-degree students are classified as special students. 

10. ELIGIBILITY FOR UPPER DIVISION 

The following are the requirements for admission into the upper division 
of Saint Leo College: 

1 . Completion of seventeen courses (including two courses in General 

Seminar if the student has been in attendance at Saint Leo College) 

2. Completion of fourteen courses in the Core Program, including 

English 122, Philosophy 121, 221, Basic Social Science 121-122, 
Humanities 221-222, Theology 221, General Seminar 121-122, 
221-222 

3. Satisfactory performance on the oral and written Sophomore 
Comprehensives 

4. Grade point average of 2.00 or above 

5. Acceptance into a concentration program 



30 



academic regulations 



11. ACADEMIC PROBATION 



A grade point average of 2.00 or better is required for graduation. Therefore, 
a student will be placed on probation if he is not making satisfactory progress 
toward that goal. By the completion of his freshman year he must have at 
least a 1.60 grade point average; by the completion of his sophomore year 
a 1.80; and by the completion of his junior year a 2.00. 

He has the following academic year of two trimesters and the intervening 
summer sessions to meet the next check point. This period may even be 
extended for justifiable reasons, but consideration will not be granted a 
student who shows flagrant neglect of effort. 

12. ACADEMIC SUSPENSION 

A student who fails to show adequate evidence of improvement during 
the probationary period will incur academic suspension for a period of at 
least one trimester or, if it seems in the best interest of the student and the 
College, dismissal. 

Students who fail more than 50 per cent of the courses attempted during 
any trimester or session are subject to academic suspension for one trimester. 
All cases of students desiring to return will be referred to the Academic 
Committee for decision. When such students re-enter, they are on proba- 
tion for such period as the Academic Committee may deem appropriate. 



ACADEMIC STANDARDS AND PROCEDURES 

13. REGISTRATION 

Entering freshmen are generally preregistered during the summer prior 
to admittance. All students in attendance in any session must preregister 
during the period set toward the end of that trimester (session) for courses 
to be taken the following trimester. Failure to register at that time subjects 
the student to the late registration fee. (Cf Financial Regulations for late 
registration fee.) Formal scheduling of classes takes place just before the 
opening of classes in a trimester. 

14. DROPS AND ADDS 

Students in session who have preregistered have the option of changing 
courses, sections, and concentrations before the formal scheduling of classes 



37 



academic regulations 

of the next trimester without charge. After that a charge of $10.00 will be 
levied. 

A student who registers for any course — audit or credit, required or elective — 
is expected to complete it. Each student has the prerogative of dropping a 
course during the first four weeks of a trimester without academic penalty. 
Beyond that time the student will receive a mark of F for any course which 
he drops. If the withdrawal is not made officially, that is, by filling out a With- 
draw al-jrom-Class form obtained jrom the Records Office, the student's perman- 
ent record will carry an F for the course. 

During the first week of a trimester a student may replace a course he has 
dropped by adding another, provided he meets the qualifications for it. 
The charge for drops and adds is $10.00 for each one (combined). The 
charge will not be levied when the change is the result of faulty counseling. 

15. COURSES AND CREDITS 

Saint Leo College uses the course unit system in its new program. Each 
course is a unit of the total needed to graduate, and each course, regardless 
of some variations in the time necessary to devote to it, is equivalent to 
four semester credit hours in the standard American collegiate system. 

16. STUDENT LOAD 

Four trimester courses plus the unique General Seminar year-course are 
the normal student load. In addition, one quarter-course from the Division 
of Fine Arts may be taken for credit each trimester. (Four of these may be 
added together to make the equivalent of one full course.) After the freshman 
year a student who has at least a 3.00 grade point average may take one 
course for audit over and above the normal load. Upon approval by the 
Dean of Academic Affairs, he may take the course for credit. A change 
from audit to credit will not be permitted after the first week of the trimester. 

Any student who is earning part of his tuition by work during the school 
year may be required to limit his load to three courses and the General 
Seminar. 

Students who incur failures or change their program of concentration 
may not, for these reasons, carry extra courses. They must make up the 
extra courses or complete their work by an extra trimester or in special 
sessions. 



.*8 



academic regulations 



17. CLASS ATTENDANCE 



Class attendance is a very important part of the necessary activities in which 
a student must be engaged. Faculty members have as their major assigned 
responsibility the guidance of students in learning activities. A large measure 
of this guidance is through the organized pattern of lectures, discussions, 
and laboratories. Illness is the only personal reason which can justify non- 
attendance. 

Each teacher at the College formulates for each of his or her classes an 
attendance policy, and students, regardless of their personal feelings, are 
obliged to comply with it. The student's failure to accept this responsibility 
will result in his withdrawal from the course and a mark of FA (Failure 
on account of Absence) on his permanent record. 

18. INCOMPLETES 

If a student has carried a subject successfully until the end of the trimester, 
but for some justifiable reason, such as illness, is unable to complete the 
work, he will receive an Incomplete (I). Such uncompleted work must be 
completed by three weeks from the regular date for submitting grades; 
failure to complete the work within this time limit will result in failure for 
the course. A senior cannot graduate if he incurs an Incomplete (I) during 
the last trimester. 

If the incomplete is for legitimate absence from a final examination, the 
Dean of Academic Affairs may at his discretion give the student a permit 
to take a makeup examination. This permit must be filed in the Records 
Office along with the $5.00 fee in order to authorize a teacher to prepare 
a late examination. The teacher will administer the examination at his 
convenience within three weeks after the start of the next trimester (unless 
otherwise specified by the Dean). Meanwhile, the incomplete counts as 
a failure on the permanent record. 

A student suspended for disciplinary reasons over the period of examinations 
is not eligible for a makeup examination unless this was clearly specified 
in writing by the Dean of Student Affairs at the time the suspension was 
imposed. In such cases a failure is recorded for all uncompleted courses. 

19. FAILURES 

Any course needed for graduation which has been failed must be repeated 
as soon as that subject is offered again during the regular academic year 



39 






academic regulations 

or in the May Session. No failure can be removed by correspondence, by 
taking the course at another institution, or by independent study; nor may 
a course be repeated more than twice. The grade for such a repeated course 
must be at least a C. 

The requirement of General Seminar is for each trimester in attendance. 
Transfer students are not expected to make up this course for the years 
they were not at Saint Leo College. Since General Seminar is so integral to 
a Saint Leo College education and since failure in it can be achieved only 
by a most serious neglect of responsibility, one trimester failed is sufficient 
to place a student on probation (cause: lack of good intention); two tri- 
mesters of failure are cause for dismissal. 

20. WITHDRAWALS FROM THE COLLEGE 

If a student finds it necessary to withdraw from the College for any reason, 
he must do so officially to obtain honorable academic dismissal, i.e., to 
receive a W on his permanent record. Forms are available in the Records 
Office; the procedure outlined therein must be followed. Students who 
fail to carry out these provisions will receive failure (F) in all courses for 
the trimester in which they withdrew. In such cases the official withdrawal 
date for the permanent record will be the last day of the trimester. 

Since early withdrawal cannot be officially recognized until the student 
completes the procedures for withdrawal, there can be no refund of tuition 
or residence payments until such form is filed and receipted. The effective 
date of withdrawal will be the date the completed form is filed in the 
Records Office. 

21. VETERANS 

Veterans must maintain a C average (2.00) in order to continue to be in 
good standing for Federal Aid. They must also keep in mind any regulations 
regarding changes in concentrations which may affect their standing. 

22. TRANSCRIPTS AND LETTERS OF RECOMMENDATION 

During the periods of final examinations and the beginning of new tri- 
mesters requests for transcripts and letters of recommendation cannot be 
filled. Requests for transcripts are handled promptly at other times provided 
student accounts are paid to date. The transcript fee after the first one 
is $1.00. 



40 



academic regulations 

Students may not expect favorable letters of recommendation in matters 
academic unless they have a grade point average of 2.75; for graduate 
school, at least 3.00. 

DEGREE REQUIREMENTS 

23. APPLICATION FOR DEGREE 

Presently the College has one graduation scheduled in the spring. Students 
must make a formal application through the Records Office to graduate. 
In order to provide time for the graduation committee to completely 
research the applicant's record, these applications must be submitted by 
the end of the first week of the trimester in which they expect to complete 
the courses. 

24. ACADEMIC REQUIREMENTS 

To earn the degree of Bachelor of Arts, a student must: 

1. Complete at least 31 courses plus four years of General Seminar; 
fourteen of these must be at or above the 300 level (possibly only 
twelve in some concentrations) 

2. Fulfill the basic program requirements 

3. Attain an overall grade point average of 2.00 

4. Complete all the requirements of the degree program of his con- 
centration 

5. Make at least C in all courses of his concentration 

6. Complete successfully the comprehensive examinations 

7. Take the SAT and Area Tests of the Graduate Record Examinations 

25. NON-ACADEMIC REQUIREMENTS 

1. Fulfill the residence requirements 

2. Take the required Physical Education courses (four trimesters with 

an average of C) 

3. Participate satisfactorily each trimester in the Student Service 

Program 

4. Satisfy all financial obligations 

5. Be present at all graduation functions 



41 



academic regulations 



&' 



26. RESIDENCE REQUIREMENTS 

Four academic years or eight trimesters are ordinarily required to earn 
the Bachelor's degree. Students who transfer from another college must 
be in residence (attendance) at least one full academic year immediately 
preceding their graduation and must complete a minimum of eight courses 
plus General Seminar in Saint Leo College. 

27. THE COMPREHENSIVE EXAMINATIONS 

The Sophomore Comprehensives, both oral and written, are intended to 
assist in determining whether or not a student is prepared for upper division 
studies. They are required. 

The Senior Comprehensive is intended to measure the student's level 
of achievement during his four years at Saint Leo College; to reveal the 
quality and depth of his understanding, judgment, and expression both in 
basic liberal education and in the area of his concentration. They are re- 
quired of all seniors. 

HONORS 

The College honors those students who have displayed notable evidence 
of their progress toward becoming educated men or women of character. 

28. DEAN'S LIST 

At the end of each trimester those students who have earned an honor 
point average of 3.25 or better are recognized by placement on the Dean's 
List. Each trimester all on the Dean's List are reviewed for signal honor 
on the basis of high quality participation in all phases of campus life. A 
selected number of outstanding students are appointed for membership 
in the campus Honor Society. 

29. GRADUATION WITH HONOR 

Graduation with honor is open to all students who have maintained at 
least a B average throughout their college career. The election to honors 
will be determined by: 

1. The grade point average (as explained below) 

2. The breadth and depth of understanding displayed in the compre- 

hensive examinations 

3. The scores on the Graduate Record Examinations 

4. ( ieneral evidence of outstanding merit 



\2 



academic regulations 

Following these norms, the degree is conferred: 

cum laude upon a student who each trimester during his four years at Saint 
Leo College has maintained an average of 3.00 or who during his 
junior and senior years at Saint Leo College has attained an average 
of 3.50 

magna cum laude upon a student who during his sophomore, junior, and 
senior years at Saint Leo College has attained an average of 3.65 

summa cum laude upon a student who during his four years at Saint Leo 
College has attained an average of 3.80 

30. AWARDS 

The following awards are given to members of the graduating class: 

1. The Clara McDonald Olson Scholarship Award to the graduating 
student earning the highest scholastic average and exhibiting the 
qualities of the true scholar. He must have attended the full four 
years 

2. The John I. Leonard General Excellence Award to the member 

of the graduating class who best embodies the qualities of character, 
scholarship, service, leadership, and general excellence for which 
Saint Leo stands 

3. The Abbot Marion Bowman Activities Award to the member 

of the graduating class whose participation and leadership in extra- 
curricular activities have been of the highest order 

4. The Robert Velten Student Service Award to the member of the 

graduating class whose participation, cooperation, and example 
through all four years best typify the spirit of service encouraged 
through the unique Student Service Program of the College 

31. THE FLOREAT AWARD 

This award is given annually at graduation by the Board of Directors 
in recognition of distinguished benefaction to Saint Leo and to Catholic 
education in the State of Florida. Recipients have been: 

1961 Right Reverend Monsignor MacEachen 

1962 Mr. Robert A. Brown 

1963 Mr. Leo N. Hierholzer 

1964 Mrs. R. Hill Boiling 
1967 Mrs. Bertha Evans Brown 



44 



V. The Academic Program 

The academic program of Saint Leo College is firmly anchored in the 
liberal arts and sciences. Likewise it is student-centered. It does not constitute 
a system of majors. It has instead programs of concentration. Although 
the "major" system and a program of concentrations are comparable in 
some ways, there is an inherent difference. 

As an institution of the liberal arts and sciences the College emphasizes 
a strong program common to all students. The concentration in this context 
emerges as the area of interest and talent which the student wishes to pursue 
more intensively. Through the concentration he does not move merely 
to undergraduate specialization which is often the case with the "major" 
system. 

Instead, he is expected to search for the principles of his selected discipline 
and to relate them to the other coordinate areas of the overall program. 
He is, in fact, expected both to discover the relationships and to perceive 
the impact of the other areas of human endeavor and to see the relationships 
and to perceive the impact of his selected area upon them. 

The ultimate purpose — through classes, seminars, comprehensive examina- 
tions, independent study, counseling, and the context of the total program 
of student life — is to make of the student a person more adequate to live 
in the modern world (and to prepare for the twenty-first century), reason- 
ably aware of his strengths and weaknesses and of his options and respon- 
sibilities. 



The major features of the academic program described below are as follows: 

1. The integrative core or basic program required of all students 

2. Fields of concentration from which the student may select the one 
most appropriate to his interests and goals 

3. Flexibility in organization which facilitates meeting individual 
differences in background and purpose and provides for guided 
individual work and research and independent study 

4. Seminars: general; college- wide lecture; divisional-senior 

5. Comprehensives 



45 



academic program 

1. THE CORE PROGRAM 

The Saint Leo College Program places strong emphasis on a basic series 
of required area studies. The purpose of this structuring is twofold: (1) to 
give the student a fairly comprehensive liberal arts and science background, 
and (2) to provide sufficient time — up to one-fourth — to develop a cor- 
relative program in depth for the particular area of knowledge in which 
the student has developed a special interest. 

Through directed and independent study in the basic core program, each 
student acquaints himself with the liberalizing arts and sciences — the major 
areas of human knowledge. Specifically, he seeks from the study of theology 
(two courses) and philosophy (four courses) ultimate truth and strengthens 
his will to pursue ultimate good. He gains insights and values which serve 
as bases of judgment and guides to action in his confrontation with personal 
perplexities in the contemporary world. 

Through the intensive study of two languages and their literatures — his 
own and one other (six courses equivalent) — he extends and refines his 
ability to communicate with increasing thousands of his contemporaries. He 
acquires through art and music (two courses equivalent) a deeper sensitivity 
to, and awareness of, beauty in man's creations, and he nourishes his own 
creativity. He gains insights into the development and impact upon the 
modern world of the mathematical, biological, and physical sciences (four 
courses). 

Through the social sciences (two courses), he comes to understand the 
culture of his country and is able to compare it with other great cultures 
in our interdependent world and to have a clearer grasp of economic, 
social, and political problems and principles — an understanding requisite 
to responsible citizenship in our times. He also participates in the unique 
General Seminar program throughout his four years, which serves both 
as an integrative force in his ordering and relating of the knowledge he 
acquires and as a spur to social action and leadership. 

In the main, the intention is to provide exposure to, and study in, all five 
academic divisions before the student pursues a concentration. For this 
reason, time for concentrations is provided only after the first year for all 
areas of study except the Natural Sciences and Mathematics and the Fine 
Arts. Since the nature of the development of these sequences requires 
more linear time, the program arrangement must be adjusted to provide 
specific introduction of subject matter from the outset. 

The pattern of the academic program is graphically shown in the chart 
on the following pages. 



4U 



academic program 



General Design of Academic Program 
(with explanatory notes) 



Subject Areas 


Units 


Freshman 


Sophomore junior 


Senior 


1. Communications 
(EH 122) 


a) 


1 








2. Philosophy 


(4) 


1 


1 


i 


1 


3. Science-Mathematics 
(CY, BLY, PS, MS 121) 


(4) 


1 1 


1 1 






4. Foreign Language 
(FLE 121-122-221) 


(3) 


1 1 


1 






5. Social Science 
(SSE 121-122) 


(2) 


1 1 








6. Concentration 


(8) 




1 


1 2 


2 2 


7. Theology 

(TY 221-321) 


(2) 




1 


i 




8. Humanities 

(HS 221-222-321-322) 


(4) 




1 1 


i i 




9. General Seminar 


(4) 


y y 


y y 


y y 


y y 


10. Elective 


(3) 






i 


i i 


11. Senior Seminar 


(1) 








y y 


Total 


(36) 


Ay Ay 


Ay Ay 


Ay Ay 2 


5 4 



1. EH 122 is the required, course for the basic program. However, students 

who do not meet the prerequisite of EH 121 by examination (C.E.E.B. 
or Saint Leo College test) must take EH 121 first. 

2. The sequence is Introduction to Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, 

Philosophy of Man, Social Philosophy. One each year. 



47 



academic program 

3. Four courses, any sequence (depending on previous studies); previous 

work or examination may exempt or require taking a higher level 
course. 

4. Introductory sequence is three courses; previous work or examination 

may exempt or require taking higher level courses. 

5. Introductory courses; required of all unless exempt by examination; 

any further social science sequence must have this as the prerequisite. 

6. The normal requirement is eight courses plus Senior Seminar; some 

sequences may have related requirements. 

7. This sequence must be taken by all, the first course in the sophomore, 

the second in the junior year. 

8. Integrated sequence. Required during sophomore and junior years. 

9. Required each trimester in attendance. 

10. Elective: Free electives — no more than one in any year. 

One will be used up for Communications 121 if tests show that course 
to be necessary. One may be taken on a "pass-fail" basis unless it 
serves for related requirements as in Education or Science-Mathematics. 

They should be taken outside the division in which the student is 
concentrating except for Science-Mathematics where they can be used 
for related requirements. They may be used for three of the required 
Education courses (the fourth is SSE 121-122). 

Students are strongly advised to use only one in the freshman-sopho- 
more years, holding two of them for the junior and senior years when 
they can also serve the qualitative requirement of 300 level or above 
courses (cf. graduation requirements). 

11. Integrated sequence. 

2. CONCENTRATIONS 

Not later than the beginning of his junior year, the student selects the 
field of concentration best suited to his interests and goals. He may choose 
his concentration as early as the first trimester of his freshman year if he 



48 



academic program 

is firm in his purpose. In fact, if he expects to enter the field of medicine 
or dentistry or to pursue in depth in the graduate school any field requiring 
extensive preparation in such related disciplines as the natural sciences and 
mathematics, he will save time by deciding early on his concentration. 
If he plans to teach, particularly if he plans to teach a field in the secondary 
school, he should not delay his decision beyond the first trimester of his 
sophomore year if he expects to include in his program the required courses 
in professional education. * 

The following schema indicates the scope of the program of concentrations 
in Saint Leo College by division and by combinations. 



Division 



Concentrations 



1. Fine Arts Art 

2. Philosophy and Theology Philosophy 

3. Literature and Language Literature 

German 



4. Natural Science and 

Mathematics 

5. Social Science 



6. Institute for 

Creative Teaching 



Music 

Speech 
Spanish 



Theatre 



French 



Biology Chemistry Mathematics 

Economics and Business History 

Political Science Psychology Sociology 

Elementary Education Physical Education 

Secondary Education through divisional con- 
centration in selected subject field 



7. Other Combinations 

Pre-Med 

Pre-Dental 

Pre-Law 



International Relations Humanities 
American Studies Science 

Social Studies 



*Cf. the required courses in the section devoted to The Institute for Creative 
Teaching. 



49 



academic program 

3. FLEXIBILITY 

Since Saint Leo College is committed to assisting each of its students to 
develop his full potential as a person created to the image of God, we 
accept responsibly the fact that individual students differ m background, 
motivation, purpose, and goals. At the same time we believe that a con- 
structive academic program, a personal approach to instruction through 
conferences with instructors and advisors, and easy access to needed coun- 
seling coupled with a friendly environment, can and do effect desirable 
behavioral changes if they are needed. By providing for flexibility in several 
aspects of the academic program, the College attempts to meet the challenge 
of liberally educating each of its students. 

In the basic core program there is some flexibility in the meeting of the 
various prerequisites. For example, EH 122 is a course required of all. 
However, EH 121 is provided for the student who is not ready for EH 122. 
Likewise, students weak in mathematics begin with MS 121 Core Mathe- 
matics; those who are strong and expect to concentrate in one of the natural 
sciences or mathematics go immediately into MS 123 or higher. 

In any required subject, a student of exceptional ability and achievement 
in the subject may obtain a waiver of the requirement by exhibiting his 
competence on a comprehensive written examination in the subject. Flexi- 
bility is implicit, also, in the choice and design of each concentration. 

Four other kinds of flexibility characterize the academic program: 

1. The individual teacher's approach to, and organization of instruction 
in, the subject for which he is responsible 

2. Directed Reading — a course required in most of the concentrations 
in the junior year 

3. Individual Work — a course open in most fields to seniors 

4. Independent Study 

The Teacher's Approach. Each teacher has his own way of instructing. 
To the extent that he knows his subject field, sees its many relations to 
other fields of knowledge, understands his students and their particular 
ways of viewing his subject and developing understanding of it, and cares 
about their development, to that extent he will use his creativeness in his 
role as instructor — their instructor. Thus, flexibility will characterize his 
approach, since each student will differ in some way from the other students 
in the class. 



50 



academic program 

Saint Leo College accords each faculty member freedom to develop his 
own instructional procedures within the framework of the function of the 
course, of the general syllabus provided for the subject, and of the expectation 
that each student in the class will be developing under his guidance. 

Directed Reading. Required in most of the fields of concentration and open 
as an elective in some is a course designated 329 Directed Reading in the 
field (biology, chemistry, history, etc.). Its function primarily is to develop 
or to strengthen the background of the individual students who are begin- 
ning their concentrations in the field. Flexibility is implicit in the three 
criteria which govern the selection of the readings assigned each student 
for study and discussion: 

1. The stage of his development in the field 

2. The pertinence of the selection to basic knowledge in the field 

3. The stimulation offered for further inquiry and discovery 

In this course, the student is given help in understanding technical terms 
and procedures and in extending his background through independent 
research. He receives direction for study from the instructor. He shares 
his reading with other students and is enriched thereby. He is encouraged 
to begin to acquire his personal library in the field of his concentration. 
Since this course is co-requisite with other courses in his concentration, its 
intellectual returns are felt immediately, thus strengthening his study 
of his concentration. In brief, the function of the course is to open up 
vistas for each student, not to stifle enthusiasm for the subject. The vistas 
may vary. 

Individual Work. Open to seniors as an elective is a course designated 
429 Individual Work in a field (biology, political science, sociology, etc.). It 
is designed to provide a competent student who has the approval of the 
Divisional Chairman with the opportunity for guided intensive research 
or independent study of a selected topic or problem relevant to his purpose 
or interest. It may either extend the scope of the student's concentration 
or deepen it. Individual Work varies as the need and purpose of each student 
undertaking it vary. In a very real sense Individual Work is an honors course. 

Independent Study. One of the distinguishing characteristics of the educated 
person is his ability (and one might add, his habit) to pursue the study of a 
problem, question, topic, or subject independently to his own satisfaction 
or to meet the requirements of a goal he has set. Grades of A in the normal 
class, provision for the waiver of certain required courses, honors courses 
and programs all imply independent study of high quality. 



51 



academic program 

4. SEMINARS 

Each student participates in three kinds of seminars as part of his required 
academic work: 

1. The General Seminar 

2. The Lecture-Seminar 

3. The Divisional Senior Seminar 

These seminars serve, each in a particular way, as integrating forces. They 
assist the student to discover relationships among the fields of knowledge — 
insights new to him — to re-interpret meanings, and to perceive deeper 
significance in his studies. They assist the College to present knowledge 
as unified, whole, active, and developing. 

General Seminar. Required of all students throughout the four years as 
part of the basic core program, one of the very important parts of the 
engagement with reality which a student makes at Saint Leo College takes 
place through the General Seminar. On a random basis each student as 
part of a small group of other freshmen, sophomores, and upperclassmen 
meets throughout the year in periodic discussion on significant issues 
confronting the student society or the larger social context. 

Lecture-Seminars. An integral part of the academic program is the college- 
wide lecture-seminar. On the average of once a month a guest lecturer 
distinguished nationally and internationally for his or her achievement, 
vision, and leadership in some field of knowledge and endeavor is invited 
for a period of one to two days to give lectures. Each lecture is followed 
by small discussion groups in which the seminal ideas of the lectures are 
discussed, issues are raised, and questions for the lecturer to answer are 
formulated. In a general assembly following the seminars, the questions 
are presented by the secretary of each group to the lecturer. In answering 
the questions he notes implications, varying points of view, and significance 
for further study. During the period, the lecturer is available to individual 
students and small groups for interviews. In the course of the academic 
year, at least one lecture is representative of an area included in each of the 
five divisions of the academic program. 

The purpose of the lecture-seminar is manifold. Among the values it aims 
to achieve are the following: 

1. To extend each student's intellectual horizon 



52 



academic program 

2. To increase his awareness of, and sensitivity to, the worth and 
dignity of his fellow students 

3. To provide abundant experience in effectual group discussion 

of significant ideas 

4. To develop each student's powers to communicate 

5. To foster the continuing dialogue 

6. To develop and to strengthen the awareness of the unity of knowledge 

Divisional Senior Seminar. Required of all seniors. Structurally, the senior 
seminar is divisional in that all seniors concentrating in subject fields included 
in a division participate in it for a three-hour period twice a month. It 
is also subject-wide in that all seniors concentrating in a given subject field 
participate in a three-hour seminar twice each month. The divisional and 
the subject-wide sections of the seminar meet alternately. 

The divisional chairman and the chairmen of the students' particular con- 
centrations cooperatively structure the seminars and guide the development. 
Their responsibility is so to plan cooperatively and so to guide the develop- 
ment of the seminars and the students' participation and contributions to 
them that the purpose for which the seminars are included and required 
in the academic program is achieved. 

Both the divisional and the subject-wide seminars are unifying in nature. 
They assist the students to order and to integrate with greater clarity the 
knowledge they have acquired thus far in all of their courses — both required 
and elective. They assist them also to increase their awareness of comparable 
insights shared by other students in the division and the subject fields thereby 
sharpening and deepening their communicative power. Through the 
discussion of problems, issues, and the challenge of reasearch under the 
leadership of the responsible professors, the seminars serve as an inspiring 
testing ground both for further inquiry and study and for the clarification 
of one's personal philosophy of living. 

5. COMPREHENSIVES 

The comprehensive examinations required of each student toward the 
end of his sophomore and his senior years are an integral part of the academic 
program. Based on the assumption of the unity of all knowledge and on 
the assumption of the uniqueness of the individual person's inferiority 
and integrative processes, they serve a twofold function. They assist the 
student to order, through careful preparation and direction, the knowledge 



53 



academic program 

he has thus far gleaned from the academic program he has pursued. They 
also assist him to clarify, and perhaps to extend, the meanings his knowledge 
has for him in the everyday issues, problems, and personal relations he 
encounters. Thus, they are, in a constructive sense, an aid to self-examination 
and evaluation. 

Sophomore Comprehensives. Toward the end of his sophomore year, each 
student must take both an oral and a written comprehensive examination as 
part of the requirements for achieving junior status. Both of these examina- 
tions are designed to assist the student to evaluate his achievement thus 
far in the basic core program and to determine, in part, his field of concen- 
tration. The oral examination is primarily a self-evaluation session with 
three faculty members during which the student gives evidence of his 
growth and readiness to pursue successfully junior and senior studies. 

Senior Comprehensives. Early in the second trimester of his senior year, 
each candidate for the degree of Bachelor of Arts is required to take the 
senior comprehensive examination. The written examination has two 
sections. The first is designed to test the student's grasp of the content 
of the basic or core subjects; the second, his grasp of his field of concen- 
tration. The oral examination is focused upon the extent to which he has 
integrated his field of concentration with other fields and is able to relate 
his knowledge to values implicit in philosophy and Christian theology. 

The purpose of the senior comprehensive is threefold: (1) to assist the 
student to evaluate his readiness for graduate work or specialized technical 
training in his chosen field; (2) to assist the student to discover his strengths 
and weaknesses and to plan his advanced studies realistically, i.e., with 
greater knowledge of himself and his achievement; and (3) to serve as one 
criterion for the awarding of honors. 



54 



VI. Courses of Instruction 



COURSES AND CREDITS 

In 1966-1967 the College instituted a new program of studies for freshmen, 
and in the school year 1967-1968 extended it to all other students. According 
to the new arrangement the student takes four courses plus General Seminar 
each trimester. (Cf. section 15, Courses and Credits, in Academic Regula- 
tions.) Formerly he took five courses plus General Seminar. The number 
of class hours per course is determined by the subject and the needs of the 
student. Courses for freshmen generally meet five days a week in combina- 
tions of lecture, discussion, and laboratorv. 



NUMBERING SYSTEM 

With the new program the College adopted a numbering series which places 
almost all courses within a — 20 to — 30 pattern: 

1. Courses numbered 121-129 are introductory. 

2. Courses numbered 221-229 (some of which are introductory) are 
open to freshmen who are qualified, sophomores, and juniors. 

3. Courses numbered 321-329 are open to sophomores, juniors, and 
seniors. 

4. The 421-429 courses are open only to juniors and seniors, unless 

otherwise specified. 

Left unchanged is the numbering for such college-wide courses as the 
required courses in physical education, the applied courses in music, certain 
part-courses of an introductory nature open to all students, the Senior 
Seminars, the internship in teaching, field work, and individual projects. 

Required courses in the 100 and 200 level should be completed in the 
freshman and sophomore years whenever possible. 

Courses are offered at least once each academic year unless otherwise specified 
in the course descriptions. The calendar year extends from September 1 
to August 15. Some of the more specialized courses may not be offered 
except during the May Session or during summer programs. 



55 



philosophy and theology 

SYMBOLS 

ART — Art, BLY — Biology, BSN — Secretarial Science, CY — Chemistry, 
ES — Economics, EN — Education, EH — English, FLE — Foreign 
Language, FH — French, GN — German, GSR — General Seminar, 
HY — History, HS — Humanities, MS — Mathematics, MC — Music, 
PY - Philosophy, PHE — Physical Education, PS — Physics, PCL — 
Political Science, PSY — Psychology, SH — Spanish, SPH — Speech, 
SSE — Social Science, SY — Sociology, TE — Theatre, TY — Theology 

THE DIVISION OF PHILOSOPHY AND THEOLOGY 

Philosophy serves a very important role in the total context of the educa- 
tional program at Saint Leo College. It is through the problems studied 
in the core program of philosophy that the fundamental questions con- 
cerning values inherent in human existence become more apparent. Coupled 
with the perspectives examined in the core program of theology, the 
student explores the vital issues of human endeavor. 

Philosophy and theology form an integral part of the discussions pursued 
during the second trimester of the Senior Seminar for each concentration. 
Each student is required to read widely from the philosophic literature 
relevant to the discipline in which he is taking the Senior Seminar and 
will be expected to relate this in order to enrich his own perspectives on 
that discipline and to deepen his insights for his personal life. The general 
theme for this part of the Senior Seminar is "Christian Living in the Modern 
World." 

PHILOSOPHY 

For a concentration in Philosophy nine courses including the Senior Seminar 
are required beyond the introductory course. Of these, three are specified 
in the core program: PY 221 Philosophy of Science (sophomore year), 
PY 321 Philosophy of Man (junior year), and PY 421 Social Philosophy 
(senior year). Four others are designated: PY 323 Metaphysics, PY 329 
Directed Reading in Philosophy, PY 425 Modern and Contemporary 
Philosophy, and PY 499 Senior Seminar in Philosophy; two are chosen 
from the other offerings in Philosophy. 

The concentration calls for four related courses as part of the requirement: 
two selected (200 level or above) from the Divisions of Social Science, 
Literature and Language, or Fine Arts; one full year sequence or its equiv- 



56 



philosophy and theology 

alent in the Division of Science and Mathematics (two courses). The course (s) 
selected will also serve the requirement of the core program for the particular 
area. For example, if BLY 123 Cell Biology and BLY 125 Botany are 
chosen, they will fill the Biology requirements of the core program as 
well as the related course requirement of Philosophy. 

PY 121 — Introduction to Philosophy 

Required of freshmen. The principal objective of this course is to intro- 
duce the student to some of the major issues involved in man's quest 
for wisdom and to provide an insight into the various perspectives 
from which these problems have been approached historically. The 
course includes elements of the art of reasoning. It is intended that the 
background which the student acquires in the course will assist him 
throughout his entire college program in the various sciences and arts. 

PY 221 — Philosophy of Science 

Prerequisite: PY 121. Required of sophomores. A philosophical considera- 
tion of the domain of nature with particular emphasis on the data and 
problems presented by the physical and biological sciences and mathe- 
matics. As applied to the natural sciences, readings in the history of 
philosophy of nature and development of modern science are also 
included. 

PY 321 — Philosophy of Man 

Prerequisite: PY 221. Required of juniors. Treats of man from the philo- 
sophical standpoint, taking into account experimental data as well as 
past major views. Considers the nature of life in general and in particu- 
lar the origin, nature, and destiny of man. Includes within its scope 
human cognition, appetition, freedom of the human will, and im- 
mortality of the human soul. Representative readings from philosophy 
and the sciences concerning the nature of man are included. 

PY 323 — Metaphysics 

Prerequisite: PY 221. Exploration into the nature of reality as revealed 
through experience and interpreted by speculation. Problematic treat- 
ment of traditional and modern topics; various conceptions of this 
science; the relation of metaphysics to other disciplines. 

PY 325 — Ancient and Medieval Philosophy 

Prerequisite: PY 323. A study of selected readings based on primary 
sources beginning with philosophical thought among the Greeks and 
an examination of writings in Christian, Arabian, and Jewish philosophy 
from Augustine to Thomas Aquinas. 



57 



philosophy and theology 



PY 329 — Directed Reading in Philosophy 

Prerequisites: PY 321 and 323. Required of students concentrating in 
philosophy. Group discussions of selected readings from ancient, 
medieval, and modern authors confront the student with the best 
thought and fundamental problems of philosophy and assist him to 
develop the philosophical habitus. 

PY 421 — Social Philosophy 

Prerequisite: PY 321. Required of seniors. The ethical character of human 
actions in general and as applied to the individual and to society are 
considered. Representative readings in social philosophy are included. 

PY 422 — Ethics 

Prerequisite: PY 321. Concerns man's quest for happiness and the 
attainment of his ultimate end. Explores a range of value systems from 
the Aristotelian-Thomistic to existentialism and phenomenology. 

PY 423 — Problems of Knowledge 

Prerequisite: PY 321. Concentrates on the problems of the certitude 
of human knowledge; the order and integration of human knowledge. 

PY 424 — Logic 

Prerequisite: PY 221. A systematic inquiry into Aristotelian and modern 
forms of logic. 

PY 425 — Modern and Contemporary Philosophy 

Prerequisites: PY 321 and 323. (PY 421 also recommended) The main 
currents and outstanding figures of European philosophy from Descartes 
to the present. 

PY 427 — Philosophy of Religion 

Prerequisite: PY 321. Faith and reason; the possibility of proving existence 
of God; various ways of arguing to the existence of God; atheism. 
Also included is a study of evidence contained in contemporary scien- 
tific investigations of reality. 

PY 499 — Senior Seminar in Philosophy 

Prerequisites: Senior status and five courses in philosophy. Required 
of students concentrating in philosophy. A senior thesis on a topic 
within the area of the student's special interest. 



58 



literature and language 



THEOLOGY 



Theology explores the realm of human values as determined by the nature 
of man, his relationship to God, and his eternal destiny. Coupled with 
the study of problems explored through philosophy the student is offered 
the opportunity to search for the basis of his beliefs and to form a personal 
philosophy of life. 

No concentration has been developed at present, but one is planned for 
the near future — probably by 1968-1969. Meanwhile, two courses are 
required of each student, one in the sophomore year and one in the junior 
year. Readings in theology and philosophy are a part of the second trimester 
of the Senior Seminar. 



TY 221 — Studies in Non-Christian Religious Thought and Practice 

The chief characteristics of non-Christian religious thought and prac- 
tice; the idea of God; problems of knowledge and faith; the language 
of religious apprehension, communication, and worship; the signifi- 
cance of religion for the individual and society. 

TY 321 — Studies in Christian Religious Thought and Practice 

Prerequisite: TY 221. The chief characteristics of Christian religious 
thought and practice; the idea of God, problems of knowledge and 
faith; the language of religious apprehension, communication, and 
worship; hierarchical structures; sacramental systems; ecumenism; the 
significance of religious orientation for the individual and society. 

TY 421 — The Church in America 

Elective. Open to seniors. Church and state relations in a pluralistic 
society; history of the church in America; religious institutions; inter- 
faith relations. 



THE DIVISION OF LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE 

The Division of Literature and Language attempts to help implement 
the stated purpose of Saint Leo College by providing some of the tools with 
which the student may establish an effective relationship with the world 
about him. The specific task of this Division is to contribute to a total 
college effort in two directions: with the freshman and sophomore core 



59 



literature and language 

program, which includes basic courses in English and foreign languages, 
and with the upper level courses provided for the student concentrating in 
English or a foreign language during his junior and senior years. 

The student who concentrates in English can acquire a considerable knowl- 
edge of Western literature; he can develop skill in expository and creative 
writing; and he can increase his capacity to read literary works with per- 
ception and to judge them by critical standards. 

The student who concentrates in a foreign language (French, German, or 
Spanish) can acquire in his freshman and sophomore years the foundation 
for a practical knowledge of the language sufficiently advanced to enable 
him not only to converse in the language but to study in a selected college 
abroad. To pursue the concentration he must spend his junior year abroad, 
advancing not only in his grasp of the language and literature but also 
in his appreciation of the culture of the nation. He completes his senior 
year in Saint Leo College, meeting core requirements and continuing to 
perfect his knowledge and use of the foreign language he has chosen for 
his concentration. 

Students who plan to teach English, Speech, or a foreign language should 
devote their electives to the professional courses in Education prescribed 
by the Institute for Creative Teaching. These courses together with their 
concentration enable them to meet minimum requirements for certification. 

In addition to the basic core and upper division courses, the Division offers 
non-credit reading and composition workshops for students needing or 
desiring improvement in reading and writing abilities. For the student who 
wishes to develop more sophisticated competence in oral or written com- 
munication, the Division provides such opportunity by sponsoring a campus 
newspaper, a forensics club, a literary magazine, and an oral interpretations 
club. 

A program of speech therapy for the student with a severe speech handicap 
is provided by the Campus Developmental Center. A freshman summer 
reading assignment, which includes an examination on the assigned books 
when the student arrives on campus, and a summer basic freshman English 
course are included as part of the freshman program. 

The Division also offers the basic program in a selected foreign language, 
French, German, or Spanish, required of all students. An important element 
of this program is aural-oral reinforcement through practice. A language 
laboratory provides the student with the means to develop his aural-oral 
ability in his chosen foreign language. 



60 



literature and language 



ENGLISH 



Eight courses plus the Senior Seminar are required; five are designated: 
EH 221 Introduction to Literature, EH 223 American Literature, EH 421 
Chaucer and the Renaissance, EH 423 Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century 
Literature, and EH 425 Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Literature. 

For students planning to teach in secondary school the designated courses 
are: EH 221 Introduction to Literature, EH 223 American Literature, EH 323 
History and Structure of the English Language, EH 326 Expository Writing, 
and SPH 222 Voice and Diction. 



EH 121 — Communications I 

For freshmen requiring improvement in basic English skills. Satisfac- 
tory completion of the course will enable the student to enroll in 
core English 122. 

EH 122 — Communications II 

Required of all freshmen. Practical training in effective reading, writing, 
speaking, and listening. Lecture — two hours. Discussion and labora- 
tory — four hours. 

EH 221 — Introduction to Literature 

Prerequisite: EH 122. An introduction to the logical methods used in 
the critical analysis of literature. Analysis of poems, short stories, a 
novel, and plays which illustrate the variety of techniques used in 
these literary forms. 

EH 223 — American Literature 

Prerequisite: EH 221. A critical study of the literary movements from 
colonial beginnings to the present, with emphasis on the major writings. 

EH 227 — Basic Journalistic Writing 

Prerequisite: EH 122. Basic theories and procedures in collecting and 
processing information for the publication of a newspaper. 

EH 321 — The English Novel (offered 1967 and alternate years) 

Prerequisite: EH 221. A study of the English novel from Mandeville 
to the present. 



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literature and language 

EH 322 — World Drama (offered 1968 and alternate years) 

Prerequisite: EH 221. Some of the most important plays in the reperto- 
rium of dramatic literature from Aeschylus to Turgenev will be read, 
analyzed, and discussed. Plays from the Orient, as for example the 
Sakuntala, will be included for exploratory purposes. 

EH 323 — History and Structure of the English Language 
(offered 1967 and alternate years) 
Prerequisite: EH 221. The historical approach to the study of the English 
language and a consideration of its development with special attention 
to contemporary studies of the elements of grammar and structural 
linguistics. 

EH 324 — Literary Criticism (offered 1968 and alternate years) 

Prerequisite: EH 221. Principles and methods of literary criticism; 
application of critical methods to representative writers. 

EH 325 — Creative Writing (offered 1967 and alternate years) 

Prerequisite: EH 122. Designed for students desiring additional training 
in writing and for those interested in exploring their talents both in 
the journalistic and the imaginative. 

EH 326 — Expository Writing (offered 1968 and alternate years) 

Prerequisite: EH 122. Designed particularly for the student who needs 
training in advanced composition and for the student who wishes 
guidance in developing his capacity for original work. 

EH 421 — Chaucer and the Renaissance (offered 1968 and alternate years) 

Prerequisite: EH 221. A study of Chaucer's major works along with 
selected English writings from More to Dryden. 

EH 422 — Shakespeare (offered 1967 and alternate years) 

Prerequisite: EH 221. Close reading of selected plays, with considera- 
tion of Shakespeare's language, his dramaturgical development, textual 
and editorial problems, and secondary criticism. 

EH 423 — Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Literature 
(offered 1 968 and alternate years) 
Prerequisite: EH 221. English literature from the Reformation begin- 
ning with Bacon to the close of the eighteenth century and Blake. 



02 



literature and language 

EH 425 — Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Literature 

Prerequisite: EH 221. English literature from Wordsworth to Eliot. 

EH 429 — Independent Study 

Prerequisites: Senior status and approval. Designed to enable the student 
to pursue through independent study a specific topic, subject, or period 
related to his particular interest. 

EH 499 — Senior Seminar 

Prerequisites: Senior status and approval. Required of students con- 
centrating in English (a divisional seminar). 



FOREIGN LANGUAGE 

Saint Leo College requires each student who seeks to graduate to acquire 
mastery of a modern language — French, German, or Spanish — to the 
extent of engaging easily in conversation. This implies aural-oral skills 
and facile use of the idioms of the selected language. This requirement 
may be met by the successful completion of FLE 121, 122, and 221. 

Students who wish to concentrate in French, German, or Spanish must 
pursue in their junior year an approved program of study in an approved 
university abroad. In addition to FLE 121, 122, and 221, they must also 
complete FLE 222 before they can be approved for study abroad. When 
they return to Saint Leo College for their senior year, they must take 
FLE 499 The Senior Seminar; they may, if their program permits, take 
FLE 429 Individual Work. 

FLE 121 — Elementary (French, German, or Spanish) 
(Latin by special arrangement only) 

Required. A functional course designed to develop the basic skills of 
aural comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. (Five classroom 
periods and laboratory.) 

FLE 122 — Elementary (French, German, or Spanish) 
(Latin by special arrangement only) 

Required. Continuation of FLE 121. (Five classroom periods and 
laboratory.) 



63 



literature and language 

FLE 221 — Intermediate (French, German, or Spanish) 
(Latin by special arrangement only) 

Required. Intensive grammar review; conversational exercises; selected 
readings. (Four classroom periods and laboratory.) 

FLE 222 — Composition and Conversation 

Elective, but required of concentrators. Functional training in writing 
and conversation skills. 

FLE 429 — Individual Work in French, German, or Spanish 

Open only to seniors who have spent their junior year in a foreign university 
studying the selected language in an approved program. Designed to pro- 
vide the student with the opportunity to continue his study under 
guidance. 

FLE 499 — Senior Seminar in French, German, or Spanish 

Prerequisites: Senior status and approval. Required of seniors concen- 
trating in a selected language (a divisional seminar). 



SPEECH 

Eight courses plus the Senior Seminar are required; five are designated: 
SPH 222 Voice and Diction, SPH 321 Introduction to Audiology and 
Speech Pathology, SPH 327 Oral Interpretation, SPH 329 Persuasion, 
and SPH 421 History and Criticism of American Public Address. 

For students planning to teach in the secondary school the designated 
courses are: SPH 221 Public Speaking, SPH 222 Voice and Diction, SPH 321 
Introduction to Audiology and Speech Pathology, SPH 325 Argumentation 
and Debate, SPH 327 Oral Interpretation, and SPH 421 History and Criti- 
cism of American Public Address. 

SPH 221 — Public Speaking 

Prerequisite: EH 122. The study and application of principles governing 
the composition and delivery of public speaking. 

SPH 222 — Voice and Diction 

Prerequisite: EH 122. Training and drill in the correct production of 
speech. 



64 



fine arts 



SPH 321 — AUDIOLOGY AND SPEECH PATHOLOGY 



Prerequisites: SPH 222, PSY 221. A study of the causes, functional and 
organic, of speech and hearing problems among children and adults. 

SPH 323 — Discussion 

Prerequisite: SPH 222. Study and application of the principles and 
methods of group discussion and group leadership. 

SPH 325 — Argumentation and Debate 

Prerequisite: SPH 221. The study and applications of reasoning and 
evidence as used in public deliberation. 

SPH 327 — Oral Interpretation 

Prerequisites: SPH 222, EH 221. A course in the theory and practice of 
the interpretation of representative forms of literature. 

SPH 329 — Persuasion 

Prerequisite: SPH 221. (SPH 323 recommended.) The study and practice 
in appeals to beliefs and action through oral discourse. 

SPH 421 — History and Criticism of American Public Address 

Prerequisites: Senior status and approval. A study of the speech prepara- 
tion, style, and historical significance of American orators. 

SPH 429 — Individual Work 

Prerequisites: Senior status as a speech concentrator and approval of 
Divisional Chairman. Designed to enable the student to pursue through 
independent study a specific topic, subject, or problem related to his 
particular interest. 

SPH 499 — Senior Seminar in Speech 

Required of all seniors concentrating in Speech (a divisional seminar). 



THE DIVISION OF FINE ARTS 

The Division of Fine Arts provides the four courses in the Humanities 
required of all students. It also offers concentrations in Art, Music, Theatre, 
and Humanities. 



65 



fine arts 

The four courses in the Humanities which are required of all students are 
designed to develop an understanding of the diverse ideas and forms in 
contemporary culture. They constitute an integrated study of literature, 
history, drama, and the fine arts of painting, architecture, sculpture, and 
music. Representative materials in each of the fields are used throughout 
these courses. 

The concentrations are designed for students preparing for employment 
in the creative art fields as artists, performers, and teachers, and for transfer 
to professional schools or for admission to a graduate school. During the 
second trimester of his freshman year, if possible, and certainly during the 
first trimester of his sophomore year, a student planning to concentrate in 
one of the fields offered by the Division of Fine Arts should seek advice 
from the Chairman of the Division or from some other person to whom the 
Chairman has delegated the responsibility of counseling. 

The Division also offers courses which are open to all students and which 
may be used as electives. Students are cautioned to learn through appropriate 
counseling how they may elect to take such courses with benefit to them- 
selves. Courses without prerequisites and open to all students are as follows: 
Art 121 Visual Fundamentals; MC 111, 211, 311, 411 Oratorio Chorus; 
MC 117, 217, 317, 417 Orchestra; TE 110, 210, 310, 410 College Theatre; 
and TE 121 Introduction to Theatre Arts. 

All students are required to take four courses in Humanities. They are 
as follows: HS 221, 222 Man's Creative Expression and HS 321, 322 Arts, 
Ideas, and Values. 



ART 

Eight courses are required for a concentration in Art. They are as follows: 
Art 121 Visual Fundamentals, Art 221 Drawing, Art 223 Design, Art 321 
Studio I (scheduled for eight hours per week), Art 427 History of Art I, 
Art 428 History of Art II, Art 429 Independent Work, and Art 499 Senior 
Seminar (two trimesters). 

Art 121 — Visual Fundamentals 

Open to all students. Introduces the principles of art through individual 
creative development. Approaches two-dimensional design through 
drawing, graphics and painting with emphasis on form, surface structure, 
color, and texture; approaches sculpture and three-dimensional design 
through relations of space, light motion, and construction. 



66 



fine arts 



Art 221 — Drawing 



Prerequisite: Art 121. Freehand drawing from landscape, live models, 
and objects. Training to see, to understand, and to draw. Emphasis 
on "visual report." 



Art 223 — Design 



Prerequisite: Art 121. Modes of organization of visual elements with 
emphasis upon creative problems of volume, space, and movement. 



Art 225 — Graphics 



Prerequisite: Art 121. Creative processes and projects in relief, intaglio, 
and planographic techniques. 

Art 227 — Ceramics 

Prerequisite: Art 121 (please note fee: $25.00). Materials, processes, 
and techniques involved in producing ceramics by handcraft means. 

Art 321 — Studio I (May be repeated for credit.) 

Prerequisites: Two courses in Art and the approval of the area chairman. 
Individual development according to talent in one of the following 
fields: painting, sculpture, graphics, design, ceramics, the crafts. 

Art 421 — Studio II (May be repeated for credit.) 

Prerequisites: Art 321 and approval of area chairman. Continuation 
of individual development. 

Art 427 — History of Art I (offered 1967-1968 and alternate years.) 

Prerequisite: Art 121. Analysis of the cultural development of mankind 
from earliest times through the Gothic style as reflected in painting, 
architecture, and sculpture. The organic growth of living tradition 
from germinal ideas and values. 

Art 428 — History of Art II (offered 1968-1969 and alternate years.) 

Prerequisite: Art 121. Studies in art styles as related to cultural develop- 
ment, beginning with the Renaissance and continuing through con- 
temporary development. 



67 



fine arts 



Art 429 — Independent Work 



Prerequisites: Must be advanced in an Art concentration and must 
have approval of the Divisional Chairman. 

Art 499 — Senior Seminar 



HUMANITIES 

Eight courses are provided for a concentration in Humanities. They are 
as follows: Art 121 Visual Fundamentals, EH 221 Introduction to Literature, 
MC 121 Introduction to Music Theory, TE 121 Introduction to Theatre 
Arts, HS 429 Independent Work, and HS 499 Senior Seminar. Two courses 
in creative or performance work in an art field must be taken to complete 
the concentration. The student must have the approval of the Divisional 
Chairman to elect these courses. 

HS 221, 222 — Man's Creative Expression 

Required of all students. Teaches ways of approaching visual, musical, 
literary, and dramatic works of art in order to increase the student's 
understanding and esthetic pleasure. Individual participation in creative 
arts workshops. 

HS 321, 322 — Arts, Ideas, and Values (offered 1968-1969) 

Required of all students. The relationships of significant works of ex- 
pressive imagination and their cultural settings. 

HS 429 — Independent Work 

Prerequisites: Must be advanced in the Humanities concentration and 
must have approval of Divisional Chairman. 

HS 499 — Senior Seminar 



MUSIC 

Eight courses are required for a concentration in Music. They are as follows: 
MC 121 Introduction to Music Theory, MC 122 Theory II, MC 221 
Theory III, MC 321 Selected Topics in Music Theory, MC 421 Music 
History I, MC 422 Music History II, MC 429 Independent Work, and 
MC 499 Senior Seminar. 



68 



fine arts 

Students concentrating in Music will enroll in a performance group during 
each term they are in residence. They are also expected to develop their 
instrumental or vocal performing proficiency to meet standards set by the 
faculty. Music courses that include laboratory work will be scheduled for 
eight hours each week. 

MC 111, 211, 311, 411 — Oratorio Chorus * 
Open to all students. 

MC 112, 212, 312, 412 — College Choir * 
Admission by consent of instructor. 

MC 116, 216, 316, 416 — Wind Ensemble * 
Open to all students. 

MC 117, 217, 317, 417 — Orchestra * 

MC 120, 220, 320, 420 — Private Instruction * 
(Please note fee: $50.00 per trimester.) 

MC 121 — Introduction to Music Theory 

Open to all students. Explores the principles of musical style and structure 
through the craft of homophonal and contrapuntal writing. Develops 
fundamental skills of musicianship. 

MC 122 — Theory II 

Prerequisite: MC 121. Continuation of analysis, craft, and skills. 

MC 221 — Theory III 

Prerequisite: MC 122. Development of techniques of orchestration* 
Analysis of musical structures and styles. 

MC 321 — Selected Topics in Music Theory 

Prerequisite: MC 221. Further development in theory, with topics 
selected according to the interests and goals of the students. 



: One quarter course per trimester. Student must acquire four quarters 
or one complete course before credit may be counted toward graduation. 



69 



fine arts 

MC 323 — Conducting (offered 1967-1968 and alternate years.) 

Prerequisite: MC 121. Techniques used in conducting various vocal or 
instrumental ensembles. 

MC 325 — Music Literature 

Prerequisite: MC 121. Surveys of instrumental and vocal repertories in 
various forms and genres. 

MC 421 — Music History I 

Prerequisite: MC 121. The evolution of musical thought and literature 
from the Middle Ages to the 18th Century. 

MC 422 — Music History II 

Prerequisite: MC 121. The evolution of musical thought and literature 
from the 18th Century to the present. 
- 
MC 429 — Independent Work 

Prerequisites: Must be advanced in a Music concentration and must 
have approval of the Divisional Chairman. 

MC 499 — Senior Seminar 



THEATRE 

Eight courses plus the Senior Seminar are required for a concentration in 
Theatre. They are as follows: TE 121 Introduction to Theatre Arts, TE 123 
Technical Theatre, TE 221 Acting, TE 321 Directing, TE 323 Technical 
Production, TE 421 History of Theatre, SP 322 Voice and Diction, EH 322 
World Drama (offered 1968-1969 and alternate years). Students concen- 
trating in Theatre must enroll in College Theatre each term of residence. 
Theatre courses that include laboratory work will be scheduled for eight 
hours each week. 



TE 110, 210, 310, 410 — College Theatre (% course each trimester) 
Open to all students and townspeople. Participation in play production. 



fine arts 



TE 121 — Introduction to Theatre Arts 



Open to all students. Investigates the imaginative processes involved 
in creating theatre. Emphasizes dramatic literature in performance 
and examines roles of playwright, director, actor, designer, and theatre 
architect. 

TE 123 — Technical Theatre 

Open to all students. The theory and practice of building, painting, 
rigging, and shifting scenery; construction and use of properties; 
familiarity with lighting instruments and their control. 

TE 221 — Acting 

Prerequisite: TE 121. Fundamentals of creating a role for the stage. 
Emphasis on character analysis, movement, speech, gesture, and 
characterization. 

TE 321 — Directing 

Prerequisite: TE 121. Development of the director's role from the 
first reading of a script to its actual performance. Each student will 
direct one short play for performance in the College Theatre. 

TE 323 — Technical Production 

Prerequisites: TE 121 and TE 123. Applied theatre practice in designing, 
building, and painting scenery and lighting for the set and the actors. 
Students will design sets and lighting and serve as technical directors 
for College Theatre productions. 

TE 421 — History of Theatre 

Prerequisite: TE 121. Course is devoted to the chief periods of theatrical 
production, theatre architecture, and dramaturgy from the Greeks 
to modern times. Emphasis on major figures, works, and trends. 

TE 429 — Independent Work 

Prerequisites: Must be advanced in the concentration in Theatre and 
must have approval of the Divisional Chairman. 

TE 499 — Senior Seminar 



71 



natural science and mathematics 

DIVISION OF NATURAL SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS 

The Division deals with the nature of the universe about us and the methods 
employed to discover the laws underlying the observed phenomena. The 
elementary courses present the problems in broad outlines and trace the 
growth of knowledge of the facts and development of theories. The ad- 
vanced courses consider some of these problems in detail. 

The purpose of a liberal education is to help students fulfill their responsi- 
bilities as members of society and grow into cultivated and versatile individ- 
uals. A liberal education is concerned with our cultural inheritance, the world 
of thought, and the development of aesthetic, moral, and spiritual values. 
In this context science and mathematics are not to be studied just for pos- 
sessing a body of knowledge and a repertoire of skills but as one of the ways 
of resolving human problems. 

Through the pursuit of biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics 
the student has the opportunity to learn and to appreciate the aims and 
attitudes of the scientist, to know something of the philosophy and tech- 
niques of the so-called scientific method, to grasp the concepts underlying 
much of science, to set the stage for speculation on the philosophy of science, 
and possibly to stir his drive for fulfillment through a life dedicated to 
scientific pursuit. 

Through biology the student examines and deepens his understanding 
of the world of living things and man's place in it. His basic question 
"What is life?" is renewed again as he explores philosophically in his junior 
year the boundaries of the near-religious question of the nature of man. 

Through chemistry and physics he searches for an understanding of the 
structure of matter and the functional interrelationships found in both 
the natural and man-made units and combinations. The nature of matter 
and energy is further pursued in the philosophical study of science in the 
sophomore year. 

Through mathematics he looks to the significant role which this discipline 
plays in the formulation of man's confrontation with natural phenomena. 

The Division offers concentrations in Biology, Chemistry, and Mathe- 
matics and provides enough courses in Physics to buttress these concentra- 
tions. Programs of courses can be organized for premedical and predental 
aspirants, for prospective medical technicians and nurses who seek a Bach- 
elor's degree, and for students planning to teach science in the secondary 
school. 



72 



natural science and mathematics 

Along with the service to the total liberal arts program through the core 
courses expected of all students not concentrating in the Division, Biology 
offers BLY 327 for Physical Education and Psychology concentrators, and 
Mathematics offers MS 225 for concentrators in Economics and Business, 
Sociology, and Psychology. 

It should be noted that Core Biology, Core Chemistry, and Q)re Physics 
may not be counted in the concentration. 



BIOLOGY 

Eight courses in Biology plus the Senior Seminar are required for a con- 
centration. Of these, seven are specified as follows: BLY 123 Cell Biology, 
BLY 125 Botany, BLY 221 Invertebrate Zoology, BLY 222 Vertebrate 
Zoology, BLY 322 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy, BLY 329 Directed 
Reading in Biology, and BLY 499 Senior Seminar. 

Eight courses in related areas are also required. They are CY 123 General 
Chemistry, CY 124 General Chemistry with Qualitative Analysis, CY 221 
Organic Chemistry I, CY 222 Organic Chemistry II, MS 123 College 
Algebra and Trigonometry, MS 124 Trigonometry, Analytic Geometry, 
Introductory Calculus, PS 123 General Physics I, and PS 124 General 
Physics II. 



BLY 121 — Core Biology 

Offered for non-science concentrators. A basic, general, and coordinated 
study of the world of living things of which man himself is the most 
important. The course is divided into four general topics: the cell, the 
structure and function of the human body, a survey of the plant and 
animal kingdoms, and the principles of inheritance. (Four hours of 
lecture and two hours of discussion-laboratory.) 

BLY 123 — Cell Biology 

Prerequisite to all other courses in biology except Core Biology and BLY 327 
Human Anatomy and Physiology. A study of the anatomy and physiology 
of the plant and animal cell, including all the life processes, cell division, 
cell differentiation, and the development of the primary embryonic 
tissues. 



73 



natural science and mathematics 



BLY 125 — Botany 



Prerequisite: BLY 123. Survey of the plant kingdom. Study of the 
structure, life processes, reproduction and evolutionary relationships 
of plants. Local flora serving as a basis for taxonomic studies. (Three 
hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory.) 

BLY 221 — Invertebrate Zoology 

Prerequisite: BLY 123. A study of the main characters of the principal 
invertebrate phyla, including general trends in the development of 
body systems, behavior, and adaptations to particular modes of life. 
(Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory.) 

BLY 222 — Vertebrate Zoology 

Prerequisite: BLY 221. A study of the structure, physiology, reproduc- 
tion, ecology, behavior, and evolution of the vertebrates. (Three hours 
of lecture and three hours of laboratory.) 

BLY 321 — Vertebrate Embryology 

Prerequisite: BLY 221. Required of premedical and predental students. 
Elective for biology concentrators. Development of the frog, the chicken, 
and the pig. (Three hours of lecture and six hours of laboratory.) 

BLY 322 — Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 

Prerequisite: BLY 321. Required of premedical and predental students. 
Elective for biology concentrators. Comparative study of the vertebrate 
groups with particular reference to the phylogenetic development. 
(Three hours of lecture and six hours of laboratory.) 

BLY 325 — Bioecology 

Approval of biology coordinator. Recommended as an elective for students 
concentrating in Elementary Education. Principles of ecology based on 
field studies of local plant and animal communities. (Three hours 
of lecture and four hours of laboratory.) 

BLY 327 — Human Anatomy and Physiology 

Prerequisite: BLY 121. Required of students concentrating in Psychology 
and Physical Education. Functional anatomy and physiology with em- 
phasis on the central nervous, muscular, appendicular, and endocrine 
systems. (Three hours of lecture and six hours of laboratory.) 



74 



natural science and mathematics 



BLY 329 — Directed Reading in Biology 

Prerequisites: Eight hours in the biological sciences and approval of Divisional 
Chairman. Required of students concentrating in biological or related sciences. 
Seminar reports and discussion of selected readings designed (1) to 
broaden and to deepen the student's grasp of the direction, scope, and 
significance of current research and (2) to foster and to sharpen his 
spirit of inquiry into the field. 

BLY 421 — Modern Genetics 

Prerequisites: BLY 222 and CY 222. Principles of genetics (evolutionary 
and biochemical) dealing with the molecular nature of heredity deter- 
minants. (Three hours of lecture and four hours of laboratory.) 

BLY 423 — Biochemistry 

Prerequisite: CY 222. Selected topics from animal biochemistry, includ- 
ing carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, enzymes, hormones, and certain 
metabolic intermediates. (Three hours of lecture and three hours of 
laboratory.) 

BLY 425 — Microbiology I 

Prerequisites: BLY 125 and CY 124. Biology of the micro-organisms; 
structure, physiology, and metabolism; techniques and methods using 
non-pathogenic organisms. (Two hours of lecture and six hours of 
laboratory.) 

BLY 426 — Microbiology II (offered 1968-1969) 

Prerequisite: BLY 425. A study of the common non-pathogenic and 
pathogenic organisms; continuation of BLY 321. (Two hours of lecture 
and six hours of laboratory.) 

BLY 499 — Senior Seminar in the Natural Sciences 

Required of all seniors concentrating in any one of the natural sciences 
(a divisional seminar). 



CHEMISTRY 

Eight courses (above CY 123) including the Senior Seminar are required 
for a concentration in Chemistry. The designated courses are as follows: 



75 



natural science and mathematics 

CY 124 General Chemistry with Qualitative Analysis, CY 221 Organic 
Chemistry I, CY 222 Organic Chemistry II, CY 321 Quantitative Analysis, 
CY 329 Directed Reading in Chemistry, CY 421 Physical Chemistry I, 
CY 422 Physical Chemistry II, and CY 499 Senior Seminar. 

Seven related courses are also required. They are as follows: BLY 123 Cell 
Biology, MS 123 College Algebra and Introductory Trigonometry, MS 124 
Trigonometry, Analytic Geometry, and Introductory Calculus, MS 221 
Analytic Geometry and Calculus I, MS 222 Analytic Geometry and Cal- 
culus II, PS 123 General Physics I, PS 124 General Physics II. 



CY 121 — Core Chemistry 

The following basic theoretical topics with their meaningful applications 
constitute the contents of this course: fundamental facts regarding 
chemistry; chemical elements and the atomic theory, radioactivity, 
nuclear reactions, and atomic energy; compounds, valence, and chemi- 
cal formulas; oxygen, hydrogen, water, and solutions; acids, bases, 
and salts; combustion, oxidation-reduction; hydrocarbons, carbo- 
hydrates, proteins, and enzymes; endocrine glands and their hormones. 
(Four hours of lecture and two hours of discussion-laboratory.) 

CY 123 — General Chemistry 

Required of students concentrating in Chemistry. Beginning course in 
chemistry. Fundamental laws and theories, including atomic and molec- 
ular structure. The periodic law, gas laws, mass and energy relation- 
ships, chemical equilibrium, and other topics. (Three hours of lecture, 
one hour of discussion, and three hours of laboratory.) 

CY 124 — Qualitative Analysis 

Prerequisite: CY 123. A continuation of general chemistry with focus 
on qualitative analysis. (Three hours of lecture, one hour of discussion, 
and three hours of laboratory.) 

CY 221 — Organic Chemistry I 

Prerequisite: CY 124. Fundamentals of organic chemistry, including 
properties, reactions of aliphatic, aromatic, hetrocyclic compounds, 
and other topics. The laboratory work deals with the study of properties, 
preparation and (quite extensively) with the qualitative analysis of 
organic compounds. (Three hours of lecture, one hour of discussion, 
and six hours of laboratory.) 



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CY 222 — Organic Chemistry II 

Prerequisite: CY 221. Continuation of CY 221. (Three hours of lecture, 
one hour of discussion, and six hours of laboratory.) 

CY 321 — Quantitative Analysis 

Prerequisites: CY 124, MS 124. Theoretical principles and laboratory 
techniques involved in quantitative determinations of inorganic com- 
pounds. Determinations include acidimetry and alkalimetry, oxidimetry, 
iodometry, and gravimetry. (Two hours of lecture, one hour of dis- 
cussion, and six hours of laboratory.) 

CY 323 — Elementary Physical Chemistry (not offered 1967-1968) 

Designed specifically for premedical and predental students. It is not suitable 
for students concentrating in chemistry. Properties of solids, liquids, gases, 
solutions, equilibrium, colloidal state, atomic and molecular structure, 
chemical kinetics. (Three hours of lecture, one hour of discussion, and 
three hours of laboratory.) 

CY 329 — Directed Reading in Chemistry 

Prerequisites: CY 124, MS 124, and approval. Required of students 
concentrating in chemistry. Seminar reports and discussion of selected 
readings designed (1) to broaden and to deepen the student's grasp 
of the fundamentals of chemistry and the direction, scope, and signifi- 
cance of current research and (2) to foster the spirit of inquiry into the 
field. 

CY 421 — Physical Chemistry I 

Prerequisites: CY 321, PS 124, MS 222. Properties of gases, kinetic 
theory, introduction to quantum theory, atomic structure and spectra, 
elementary thermodynamics, solutions, colloids, electricity as applied 
to chemistry, homogeneous and heterogeneous equilibria, chemical 
kinetics. (Three hours of lecture, one hour of discussion, and six hours 
of laboratory.) 

CY 422 — Physical Chemistry II 

Prerequisite: CY 421. Continuation of CY 421. (Three hours of lecture, 
one hour of discussion, and six hours of laboratory.) 



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CY 423 — Biochemistry 



Prerequisite: CY 222. Selected topics from animal biochemistry, in- 
cluding carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, enzymes, hormones, and certain 
metabolic intermediates. (Three hours of lecture, one hour of discussion, 
and three hours of laboratory.) 

CY 425 — Instrumental Analysis 

Prerequisites: CY 321, CY 421. Theory and practice of instrumental 
methods applied to chemical analysis. (Two hours of lecture and three 
hours of laboratory.) 

CY 499 — Senior Seminar in the Natural Sciences 

Required of all seniors concentrating in any one of the natural sciences 
(a divisional seminar). 



MATHEMATICS 



Eight courses plus the Senior Seminar are required for a concentration in 
Mathematics. The designated courses are as follows: MS 221 Analytic 
Geometry and Calculus I, MS 222 Analytic Geometry and Calculus II, 
MS 321 Analytic Geometry and Calculus III, MS 323 Differential Equations, 
MS 325 Introduction to Modern Algebra, MS 421 Introduction to Linear 
Algebra, and MS 499 Senior Seminar. Two related courses are also required. 
They are PS 221 Advanced Physics I and PS 222 Advanced Physics II. 



MS 121 — Core Mathematics 

This course presents mathematics as logically implied by a few postu- 
lates. The number system is constructed on an intuitive — plausible 
level to satisfy the postulates for a number field. The idea of a function 
is elucidated by examination of linear, quadratic, logarithmic, ex- 
ponential, trigonometric, and probability functions, their appearance 
in the Cartesian plane, and their applicability to practical situations. 
The student is directed to pursue, in greater depth, such topics as his 
interest and ability suggest. 



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MS 123 — College Algebra and Introductory Trigonometry 

This is a study of the basic concepts and fundamentals of arithmetic, 
algebra, and trigonomtery. Topics included are the number system, 
polynomials, algebraic fractions," exponents and radicals, equations, 
vectors, matrices, inequalities, relations, functions, algebraic functions, 
exponential and logarithmic functions (including slide rule), and the 
trigonometric functions of angles. 

MS 124 — Trigonometry, Analytic Geometry, and Introductory 
Calculus 

Prerequisite: MS 123. Trigonometric functions of real numbers, plane 
analytic geometry, limits, derivatives and integration of algebraic and 
trigonometric functions are considered with applications. 

MS 221 — Analytic Geometry and Calculus I 

Prerequisites: MS 124 and PS 123 or equivalent. Derivatives and integra- 
tion of algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions, 
vectors, analytic geometry, and other applications are considered. 

MS 222 — Analytic Geometry and Calculus II 

Prerequisite: MS 221. Integration methods, the chief theorems under- 
lying the calculus, polar co-ordinates, and solid analytic geometry 
with applications to geometry and physics. 

MS 225 — Elementary Statistics 

Prerequisite: MS 121 or 123. A service course designed for students 
who are concentrating in fields other than mathematics. The purpose 
is to develop understandings of the concepts and terms related to 
elementary statistics and to develop skills in statistical literacy and in 
simple statistical problem solving. 

MS 321 — Analytic Geometry and Calculus III 

Prerequisite: MS 222. Partial differentiation, multiple integrals, infinite 
series and sequences, and an introduction to differential equations 
are the main consideration of this course. 

MS 323 — Differential Equations 

Prerequisite: MS 321. Topics studied include the following: equations 
of order one and degree one, linear equations with constant coefficients, 



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homogeneous and non-homogeneous, the Laplace transform, systems 
of equations, variation of parameters, infinite series methods, and 
applications. 

MS 325 — Introduction to Modern Algebra 

Prerequisite: MS 221. Mathematical systems, integers, rings, fields, 
integral domains, groups, polynomials, isomorphism, and homomor- 
phism are considered, emphasizing the techniques of rigorous proof. 

MS 329 — Directed Reading in Mathematics 

Prerequisite: MS 321. Designed to broaden and to sharpen the student's 
grasp of mathematics as a natural science (philosophical), of its historical 
development, and the direction, scope, and significance of current 
theory and application of mathematics and to sharpen his spirit of 
inquiry into the field. 

MS 421 — Introduction to Linear Algebra 

Prerequisite: MS 325. Determinants, matrix algebra, rank and equiva- 
lence, linear equations and linear dependence, vector spaces and linear 
transformations, unitary and orthogonal transformations, and the 
characteristic equation of a matrix are studied in order that their 
applications in special fields may readily be seen. 

MS 423 — Real Analysis I 

Prerequisite: MS 321. The real number system, extensions of the law 
of the mean, functions of several variables, partial differentiation, 
implicit-function theorems, transformations and mappings, vector 
fields, and multiple integrals are considered from the rigorous approach. 

MS 424 — Real Analysis II 

Prerequisite: MS 423. This is a continuation of MS 423 and includes 
curves and surfaces, line and surface integrals, point set theory, funda- 
mental theorems on continuous functions, the theory of integration, 
infinite series, improper integrals, and complex functions. 

MS 429 — Individual Work in Mathematics 

Prerequisite: MS 321 and approval of Divisional Chairman. Designed 
to provide the opportunity for guided intensive independent research 
or study of a selected phase or problem relevant to the student's purpose 
or interest. 



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MS 499 — Senior Seminar in the Natural Sciences 

Required of students concentrating in mathematics (a divisional seminar). 



PHYSICS 

No concentration is presently offered in Physics. However, sufficient courses 
are available to satisfy the related course requirements of other programs, 
and to form the basis for a program in Science for teaching in the secondary 
school. 



PS 121 — Core Physics 

The following basic theoretical topics with their more important 
applications are treated in this course: measurement, the metric system; 
wave motion, light and the electromagnetic spectrum; the photon- 
quantum and the wave-particle paradox; laws of motion, vectors, 
special relativity; conservation of momentum and energy; gravitational, 
electric and magnetic, fields; satellites; entropy and the universe; the 
atomic nucleus and radioactivity; nuclear forces; cosmic rays and the 
fundamental particles. (Four hours of lecture and two hours of dis- 
cussion-laboratory. ) 

PS 123 — General Physics 

Prerequisite: MS 123. A study is made in depth of the fundamental 
concepts and laws of physics and their applications. Topics considered 
are kinematics and dynamics of translation and rotation, statics, gravi- 
tation, impulse and momentum, work and energy, fluids, temperature, 
kinetic theory, and electrostatics. (Three lectures, one hour of dis- 
cussion, and one three-hour laboratory.) 

PS 124 — General Physics II 

Prerequisites: PS 123 and MS 124. This is a continuation of PS 123 and 
includes: electromagnetism, electronics, wave motion, physical and 
geometrical optics, relativity, quantum theory, atomic theory, solid 
state theory, nuclear physics, and particle physics. (Three lectures, 
one hour of discussion, and one three-hour laboratory.) 



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PS 221 — Advanced Physics I 



Prerequisite: MS 124. Co-requisite: MS 221. A rigorous study of the 
fundamental concepts and laws of physics is undertaken, making 
full use of the calculus. Topics included are kinematics, law of inertia 
and conservation of mass, linear momentum and its conservation, 
force, Newtonian Mechanics and applications, work, energy and its 
conservation, rotational kinematics and dynamics, gravitation, elasticity 
and simple harmonic motion, fluids, temperature, macroscopic and 
microscopic properties of ideal gases, kinetic theory of gases, and 
the first and second laws of thermodynamics. (Three lectures, one 
hour of discussion, and one three-hour laboratory.) 

PS 222 — Advanced Physics II 

Prerequisites: MS 221, PS 221. This is a continuation of PS 221, in- 
cluding electric force between charges, electric field, Gauss's law, 
electric potential, capacitance and dielectrics, electric current and 
resistance, D-C networks, magnetic force, sources of magnetic field, 
electromagnetic induction, inductance, electric and magnetic field 
vectors, electric oscillations and A-C circuits, Maxwell's equations, 
transverse and longitudinal waves, electromagnetic waves, waves in 
two and three dimensions, geometrical and physical optics. (Three 
lectures, one hour of discussion, and one three-hour laboratory.) 

PS 321 — Introduction to Atomic and Nuclear Physics 

Prerequisite: PS 124. This course is designed to introduce the student 
to the concepts and methods underlying the fields of quantum physics 
and relativity. Topics included are electric and magnetic fields, mass 
spectroscopy, X-rays and crystal structure, quantum properties of 
waves and particles, relativity, wave mechanics and the hydrogen 
atom, electron spin and the periodic table, molecular spectra, quantum 
statistics, solid state physics, radioactivity, nuclear structure and forces, 
neutron physics, particle physics, and particle accelerators. (Three 
lectures and one three-hour laboratory.) 



THE DIVISION OF SOCIAL SCIENCE 

The Division of Social Science provides the two-trimester core course 
in basic social science required of all students. It also offers concentrations 
in Economics and Business, History, Political Science, Psychology, Social 
Studies, and Sociology. 



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The concentrations are designed (1) for students preparing to enter a grad- 
uate or professional school and (2) for students who upon graduation 
expect to seek employment in industry, government, teaching, or in some 
other form of social or public service. During the second trimester of his 
freshman year, if possible, and certainly during the first trimester of his 
sophomore year, a student planning to concentrate in one of the disciplines 
included in the Division of Social Science should seek advice from the 
Chairman of the Division or from some other person to whom the Chair- 
man has delegated the responsibility of counseling. 

The two-trimester course in basic social science is designed to provide 
the ideas and experiences, both personal and group, which assist each student 
(1) to understand better himself in association with other human beings 
and (2) to explore his interests in any one of the social sciences as a possible 
field of concentration. This course is more fully described below. 

SSE 121 and 122 — Basic Social Science 

Required of all students. Designed (1) to assist the student to discover 
meanings for himself as a person functioning with other persons 
in small and large groups, in the larger society, and in the world today; 
(2) to sharpen his knowledge and discriminating use of concepts 
basic to the social sciences; (3) to view the multiplicity of social prob- 
lems, issues, decisions from different points of view at the same time 
weighing the conclusions or actions in the light of Christian values; and 
(4) to serve as a firm basis upon which to develop scholarship in a 
chosen field of the social sciences. 



ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS 

The program in Economics and Business provides many opportunities. A 
student may prepare for graduate study in either Economics or Business 
Administration or may use this as a base for professional studies such as 
Law. Teaching in the secondary school is another possibility. To prepare 
himself for teaching in the field he should add the professional courses in 
Education needed for certification. For students interested in Accounting, 
sufficient courses are provided to qualify for taking the C.P.A. Examination 
in most states (not Florida). 

Courses in this program provide background for direct entrance into some 
phase of business. Both Economics and Business can be combined with 
other studies thereby allowing diversity to fit the individual's needs. For 



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example, a student interested in both Economics and Mathematics can 
formulate a program leading to econometrics; a student interested in both 
Economics and Political Science can prepare himself for studies in corpora- 
tion law. 

Eight courses plus the Senior Seminar are required for a concentration. 
Four of these are specified: ES 221 Principles of Economics, ES 222 Econom- 
ic Analysis, ES 223 Principles of Accounting, and ES 225 Economic Statistics; 
the other four are chosen by the student to suit his needs. 

Though not required, courses through MS 221 Analytic Geometry and 
Calculus are recommended. 



ES 221 — Principles of Economics 

Prerequisite: SSE 121-122. Required of concentrators in Economics and 
Business. Principles governing supply and demand, value and distri- 
bution, income determination; review of major philosophical, political, 
and social conditions underlying the development of economic ideas. 

ES 222 — Economic Analysis 

Prerequisite: ES 221. Required of concentrators in Economics and Business. 
Micro and macro; production, prices, economics of the firm, national 
income, economic growth, stability, economic welfare, selected 
economic problems. 

ES 223 — Principles of Accounting 

Prerequisite: SSE 121-122. Required of concentrators in Economics and 
Business. Basic accounting and procedures, adjusting and closing entries, 
analysis of financial statements, accounting controls and concepts. 

ES 224 — Financial and Tax Accounting 

Prerequisite: ES 223. Computer related course. Special problems of 
taxation; branch and departmental accounting; cost reporting and 
control; theory of income determination; preparation and analysis 
of special statements and reports. . 

ES 225 — Economic Statistics 

Prerequisite: SSE 121-122. Required of concentrators in Economics and 
Business. An introduction to probability theory and statistics with 
application to economics. Sampling and distribution theory; estimation; 



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testing hypotheses; linear regression; analysis of time series; index 
numbers; portfolio diversification; accuracy and error in the collection 
and reporting of economic data. 

ES 321 — Introduction to Management 

Prerequisite: ES 223. The structure and organization of a business 
and the functions of the policy makers in relation to the objectives 
of the business; emphasis on problems of management through analysis 
of case studies. 

ES 322 — Managerial Accounting 

Prerequisite: ES 224. Uses and basic systems of cost accounting; capital 
budgeting; inventory valuation; costs as they apply to business decisions; 
cases and problems. 

ES 323 — Production and Distribution 

Prerequisite: ES 223. Variables related to the production system with 
emphasis on the criteria of cost, revenue, and profit; basic knowledge 
of concepts, tools, and types of organizations used in market structures, 
marketing, retailing, and retail sales analysis. 

ES 325 — Corporation Finance 

Prerequisite: ES 224. Selecting the form of organization promotion; 
current and long-term financing; securities and securities markets; 
basic techniques of financial planning and control. 

ES 327 — Modern Economic Thought 

Prerequisite: ES 222. The background, emergence, and impact of con- 
temporary economic thought on domestic and foreign economic 
policy. 

ES 329 — Directed Reading in Economics 

Prerequisite: ES 221. Individual readings and group discussion of selected 
classics and pertinent monographs in the field. 

ES 421 — Business Law 

Prerequisite: Junior or senior status. Fundamentals of contracts, sales, 
commercial paper, and business organizations; emphasis on the uniform 
commercial code and recognition of legal problems in the business 
world. 



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ES 422 — Advanced Accounting Problems 

Prerequisite: ES 322. Computer related course. Complex accounting 
problems in specialized areas, namely leaseholds, consolidations, re- 
ceiver's statements, partnership formation, liquidation; C.P.A. problems. 

ES 423 — Public Finance and Taxation 

Prerequisites: ES 222, PCL 221. A critical study of budgeting, expendi- 
tures, borrowing, and taxation of the national, state, and local govern- 
ments of the United States; critical examination of the use of national 
estimates in the formulation of fiscal policy and economic planning. 

ES 425 — Money and Banking 

Prerequisite: ES 222. The money system, credit instruments, the com- 
mercial system, and monetary policy. 

ES 427 — Economic History of the United States 

Prerequisite: ES 221. Analyzes such problems of American economic 
history as land policy, working conditions and organization of labor, 
expansion of national income, development of transportation, pro- 
duction and distribution, and changing concepts of public policy. Re- 
lates such problems to money, banking, the tariff, public expenditures, 
the national debt, and taxation. 

ES 499 — Senior Seminar in Economics and Business 

Prerequisite: Senior status. Required of concentrators in Economics and 
Business. Involves work on a special project which is discussed at 
both area and division-wide meetings, reported in writing, and defended 
before a committee of faculty members appointed by the Chairman 
of the Division. 



HISTORY 

Eight courses plus the Senior Seminar are required for a concentration. 
Of these, six are specified: HY 221 United States History, HY 223 Early 
Modern Europe, HY 321 Eastern Civilization from 1850, HY 329 Directed 
Reading in European and American History, HY 427 History of Ideas, and 
HY 499 Senior Seminar in History. Recommended: at least one course 
covering Russia or Latin America. To complete the concentration, courses 
may be taken in History, Political Science, Economics, or any other area 
with approval of the Divisional Chairman. 



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HY 221 — United States History 

Prerequisite: SSE 121-122. From early colonial expansion to the present. 
A problems approach is used with major emphasis upon contemporary 
source materials for each historical period. 

HY 223 — Early Modern Europe 

Prerequisite: SSE 121-122. Required of all concentrators in History. A study 
of the principal movements, events, and ideas in the Western World 
from medieval times to the French Revolution. 

HY 321 — Eastern Civilization from 1850 

Prerequisites: HY 221, HY 223, or approval. Required of concentrators 
in History. An intensive study of the historical development of the 
civilizations of both the Near East and the Far East, with emphasis 
in the second half of the course on the impact of Western ideas and 
practices on the complex problems of American foreign policy in the 
area. Each student selects a country for intensive study. 

HY 325 — Modern Russian History 

Prerequisite: HY 223 or approval. A study of the decline of imperial 
Russia in the nineteenth century to the creation and consolidation 
of the communist state in the twentieth century. 

HY 327 — Latin America in the Twentieth Century 

Prerequisite: HY 221 or approval. The major currents, events, ideas, 
and problems of Latin America from the revolutionary movement 
of the nineteenth century to the present. 

HY 329 — Directed Reading in European and American History 

Prerequisites: HY 221, HY 223. Required of concentrators in History. 
A one-trimester study of selected readings in European and American 
history. 

HY 421 — Europe in the Nineteenth Century 

Prerequisite: HY 223 or approval. Intensive study of the principal 
movements, events, and ideas in the Europe of the nineteenth century. 

HY 422 — Europe in the Twentieth Century 

Prerequisite: Senior status or approval. The major currents, events, and 
ideas in European history from 1870 to the present. 



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social science 



HY 423 — The United States in the Twentieth Century 

Prerequisite: HY 221. The major currents, events, and ideas in United 
States history from the rise of big business and progressivism to the 
present. 

HY 425 — United States Diplomatic History 

Prerequisite: HY 221. A survey of the principal themes and events in 
American foreign relations from the Revolution to the present. 

HY 427 — History of Ideas 

Prerequisite: HY 329 or approval. Required of concentrators in History. 
A one-trimester study of the major intellectual currents which have 
dominated historical thought, particularly in the Western world. 

HY 499 — Senior Seminar in History 

Prerequisites: History concentration and senior class standing. Required 
of concentrators in History. A two-trimester divisional seminar in con- 
junction with the other disciplines in the Social Sciences in which the 
students prepare a thesis under the guidance of their area advisor. 



POLITICAL SCIENCE 

The program in Political Science is offered to (1) provide a more educated 
citizenry in public affairs; (2) prepare students for teaching in secondary 
schools; (3) provide a base for graduate work or for the legal profession; 
(4) provide a background for a career in politics; (5) acquaint students 
with international relations; and (6) give a broad background for careers in 
public administration and other government service. 

These purposes are fulfilled by a concentration in Political Science alone, 
or by combinations with History, Economics, Sociology, Psychology, 
Education, Foreign Language, Mathematics, or Science. The courses re- 
quired for any of these concentrations are: PCL 221 American Govern- 
mental System, PCL 323 Comparative Government, PCL 329 Directed 
Reading in Political Science, PCL 425 Western Political Thought, PCL 427 
International Relations, and PCL 499 Senior Seminar; the others are chosen 
according to each student's purposes. Eight courses plus Senior Seminar 
are required. 



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social science 



PCL 221 — American Governmental System 



Prerequisite: SSE 121-122. Required of concentrators in Political Science. 
The origin, nature, and development of the U.S. Constitution; the 
organization, powers, and functions of the three branches of the national 
government; the national administrative agencies; the principal features 
of state and local government; their constitutional and statutory 
limitations; their administrative activities. 

PCL 225 — Communism and the Modern World 

Prerequisite: SSE 121-122. A study of the various theories of Commun- 
istic thought and their application in the so-called "peoples" demo- 
cratic republics and "wars of liberation." 

PCL 323 — Comparative Government 

Prerequisite: PCL 221. Required of concentrators in Political Science. A 
balanced study of the politics and government of Great Britain, France, 
Germany, Italy, and the U.S.S.R. in comparison with, and in contrast 
to, the institutions of the United States. 

PCL 325 — Public Administration 

Prerequisite: PCL 221. Nature of public administration; structures and 
statutory limitations; staff organization and flow of command; employ- 
ment policies, personnel training, and management; employees organ- 
ization; public relations. 

PCL 327 — American Constitutional Law 

Prerequisite: PCL 221. An intensive study and analysis of the U.S. 
Constitution, with study and briefing of the more important Supreme 
Court decisions. Particular attention paid to civil liberties cases. 

PCL 329 — Directed Reading in Political Science 

Prerequisite: PCL 221. Required of concentrators in Political Science. Indi- 
vidual reading and group discussions of selected classics and provocative 
monographs in the discipline. 

PCL 421 — Political-Economic Geography 

Prerequisites: PCL 221 and 323. A study of geographic factors on 
political and economic affairs in the modern world. 



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social science 



PCL 423 — American Political Parties 

Prerequisite: PCL 221. The origins, nature, and functions of parties 
under the American system of government. 

PCL 425 — Western Political Thought 

Prerequisites: SSE 121-122, PCL 329. Required of concentrators in Political 
Science. The role of the state, its auxiliary agencies and functions as 
viewed by political philosophers from Plato to Marx. 

PCL 427 — International Relations 

Prerequisites: PCL 323 and 425. Required of concentrators in Political 
Science. Analyses of forces and factors that affect the position and the 
course which governments take both in normal times and in periods 
of crisis. Focus on current situations. Emphasis upon economic, cultural, 
geographic, political, and historical factors affecting a given crisis and 
its resolution. Assessment of impact of science on international relations. 
Each student selects a critical area for intensive study. 

PCL 499 — Senior Seminar in Political Science 

Prerequisite: Senior status in Political Science. A program open only 
to senior students concentrating in Political Science. The course involves 
work on a special project which is discussed at area and division- 
wide general meetings, reported in writing, and defended before a 
committee of three faculty members appointed by the Divisional Chair- 
man. The report becomes the property of the College. 



PSYCHOLOGY 

Eight courses plus the Senior Seminar are required for a concentration in 
Psychology; of these, six are designated: PSY 221 General Psychology, 
PSY 222 Psychology of Adjustment, PSY 321 Experimental Psychology, 
PSY 322 Tests and Measurements, PSY 421 Personality Theory, and PSY 499 
Senior Seminar in Psychology. PSY 323 Social Psychology and PSY 423 
The Adequate and the Disorganized Personality are recommended along 
with the related courses EN 221 Human Growth and Development, BLY 327 
Human Anatomy and Physiology, and MS 225 Elementary Statistics. 
However, with the approval of the Divisional Chairman, other courses 
may be elected to satisfy the student's individual needs. 



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social science 



PSY 221 — General Psychology 

Prerequisite: SSE 121-122. Required of concentrators in Psychology. A 
survey of the major topics in psychology — growth and development, 
perception, learning, thinking, and an introduction to methods used in 
psychological investigation. 

PSY 222 — Psychology of Adjustment 

Prerequisite: SSE 121-122. Required of concentrators in Psychology. Genetic, 
organic, and learned factors involved in the processes of personal 
adjustment; applications of mental health principles to everyday living. 

PSY 321 — Experimental Psychology 

Prerequisite: PSY 221. Required of concentrators in Psychology. The basic 
principles of scientific experimentation. Psychophysical methods, de- 
tection theory, research design, random groups, and matched group 
experiments. Lecture-laboratory. 

PSY 322 — Tests and Measurements 

Prerequisite: PSY 321. Required of concentrators in Psychology. Measure- 
ment theory, tests, and other tools of measurement. Lecture-laboratory. 

PSY 323 — Social Psychology 

Prerequisite: PSY 222. Interpersonal relations, group dynamics, leader- 
ship, attitudes, and opinions. 

PSY 329 — Directed Reading in Psychology 

Prerequisites: PSY 222 and junior status. Designed to strengthen the 
student's background through independent study, reports, and group 
discussions of systems and theories of psychology and introduction to 
research in practical problems. 

PSY 421 — Personality Theory 

Prerequisites: Three courses in psychology and approval. Required of 
concentrators in Psychology. A study of personality themes with an evalu- 
ation of the physical, psychological, and environment determinants 
of behavior. 

PSY 423 — Thh Adequate and the Disorganized Personality 

Prerequisite: PSY 421. A study of the extreme deviations in behavior 
and the hypotheses used to explain such behavior. 



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PSY 429 — Individual Work in Psychology 



Prerequisites: Four courses in Psychology, including PSY 321. The 
student plans and conducts an individual project under the supervision 
of a staff member. 

PSY 499 — Senior Seminar in Psychology 

Required of all concentrators in Psychology. Designed to give the student 
the opportunity to integrate concepts within the field of psychology 
and to relate these to other areas of study. 



SOCIAL STUDIES 

The concentration in Social Studies is designed particularly for the student 
who plans to teach social studies in the junior high school. It is broad enough 
in scope and permits through choice of courses sufficient depth for the 
student to prepare also for teaching American government in the secondary 
school. In order to prepare adequately for teaching, the student who chooses 
the Social Studies concentration must include in his program EN 221 
Human Growth and Development, EN 321 The School Program, and 
EN 323 Method: The Theory and Practice. He should also so order his 
time and courses that he can take EN 410 The Internship. 

Eight courses and the Senior Seminar in Education are required for the 
concentration in Social Studies. The following seven are specified: HY 221 
United States History, PCL 221 American Governmental System, PCL 327 
American Constitutional Law, SY 221 American Society, ES 221 Eco- 
nomics I, GY 221 Introduction to Geography, and EN 499 The Senior 
Seminar. 

To complete the concentration the student must elect two additional courses 
approved by his advisor, the criterion of his choice being the relevance 
of the course to his interest and purpose. MS 225 Elementary Statistics is 
recommended. 

GY 221 — Introduction to Geography 

(The only course listed in the Social Studies concentration not described 

elsewhere) 

Prerequisite: SSE 121-122. Geographic survey of major physical, political, 

cultural, economic, and resource patterns of the world, with critical 

analysis of wise and wasteful practices of utilization of these resources. 



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social science 



SOCIOLOGY 

Eight courses plus the Senior Seminar are required for a concentration 
in Sociology. Of these, six courses are designated: SY 221 American Society, 
SY 222 Social Problems, SY 321 The Family, SY 323 Cultural Anthropology, 
SY 329 Directed Reading in Sociology, and SY 499 The Senior Seminar in 
Sociology. To complete the concentration, three courses are selected by the 
concentrator from Psychology, Economics, Mathematics, or any other 
discipline approved by the Divisional Chairman. MS 225 Elementary 
Statistics is especially recommended for all concentrators in Sociology. 

SY 221 — American Society 

Prerequisite: SSE 121-122. Required of all concentrators in Sociology. 
A sociological analysis of social organization, culture, and personality. 
Attention is given to the development and analysis of dominant 
American values. 

SY 222 — Social Problems 

Prerequisite: SY 221. Required of all concentrators in Sociology. Selected 
areas of social disorganization within the framework of contemporary 
American Society are studied from the viewpoint of their nature, 
extent, contributing factors, and programs of prevention. Concepts 
and theories of sociology are related to the analysis of social problems 
and deviant behavior. 

SY 321 — The Family 

Prerequisite: SY 222. Required of all concentrators in Sociology. A study 
of family structure, functions, and relationships. Social and cultural 
differences in family behavior and comparison of the roles and values 
of various cultures. 

SY 323 — Cultural Anthropology 

Prerequisite: SY 222. Required of all concentrators in Sociology. A study 
of the formation, structure, and function of cultural organization and 
of cultural dynamics as revealed by comparative studies of the cultural 
life of illiterate peoples. 

SY 329 — Directed Reading in Sociology 

Prerequisite: SY 222. Required of all concentrators in Sociology. Individual 
reading and group discussions of selected classics and provocative 
monographs in Sociology and related disciplines. 



04 



institute for creative teaching 



SY 421 — Social Deviancy and Criminology 

Prerequisite: SY 222. The nature and extent of crime and delinquency; 
significant physical, psychological, and social theories as to the cause; 
programs of treatment and control; the roles of the police, courts, 
institutions and agencies; theories and methods of prevention; crime 
and delinquency as cultural phenomena. 

SY 423 — Christian Social Thought 

Open to juniors and seniors. An intensive study and appraisal of modern 
social thought as derived from tradition and developed in the official 
teaching of the Church. Traditional social principles are thought 
through and applied to the more significant, interrelated aspects of the 
contemporary social order, such as the family, economics, politics, 
education, and recreation. 

SY 425 — The Field of Social Work 

Prerequisite: SY 222. The growth and development of social work. 
Application of sociological and philosophical principles to social work 
activities. Supervised field observation. 

SY 499 — Senior Seminar in Sociology 

Prerequisite: Senior class standing and a concentration in Sociology. 
Required of all concentrators in Sociology. The course involves work on 
a special project which is discussed at area- and division-wide general 
meetings, reported in writing, and defended before a committee of 
three faculty members appointed by the Divisional Chairman. The 
report becomes the property of the College. 



THE INSTITUTE FOR CREATIVE TEACHING 
The Institute for Creative Teaching embraces three functions: 

1. It directs the development, implementation, and evaluation of the 
Teacher Education Program of the College. 

2. It supervises the administration of special service programs, institutes, 
and workshops which are not primarily an integral part of the 
function and program of any one of the five academic divisions 
of the College. 



95 



institute for creative teaching 

3. Initiating, channeling, and testing ideas, projects, and experiments 
directed toward the improvement of instruction and hence of 
teaching, it serves as one resource for the improvement of instruction 
throughout the College and the larger community. 

The Institute has established the Saint Leo Kindergarten both as a service 
to the community and as a fruitful laboratory for the observation and 
study of young children. The two-year program in Secretarial Science 
offered by the College is an example of a special program supervised by 
the Institute. 

Foremost among the functions of the Institute are the development and 
direction of the Teacher Education Program of the College. This program 
provides for: (1) basic courses in Education required of all teachers 
for certification; (2) a full concentration in Elementary Education; (3) a 
full concentration in Physical Education for both men and women; (4) 
concentrations in subject fields usually taught in the secondary schools, such 
as English, Science, History, Political Science, Art, Music, Social Studies, 
etc. Subject field concentrations are directed by the appropriate division 
and include the three basic professional courses. To include the Internship 
in their program, students preparing to teach a subject field should count 
on spending an additional trimester or a summer session at the College. 
(For concentrations in subject fields refer to the appropriate division; 
e.g., English, see Division of Language and Literature.) 

The general professional courses are required for any concentration leading 
to teaching whether it be Elementary Education, Physical Education, 
or a subject field such as English, Political Science, Business, or Art. These 
required professional courses are as follows: EN 221 Human Growth 
and Development; EN 321 The School Program; and EN 323 Method: The 
Theory and Practice. Understanding of the social foundations of education 
(offered as a separate course in many colleges) is provided for in SSE 121- 
122 Basic Social Science, which is required of all students in Saint Leo 
College in their freshman year. A member of the faculty of the Institute 
for Creative Teaching serves on the team of teachers who lecture, conduct 
the seminars, and develop and evaluate this two-trimester course. (For a 
description of this course, please refer to the Division of Social Science.) 

Students who plan a career in guidance should understand that to be certified 
in guidance they must have taught a minimum of two years; hence, they 
should prepare first for teaching. All students should also understand that 
a career in teaching at any level or in any field requires graduate study; 



96 



institute for creative teaching 

therefore, they advance their own preparation by planning as carefully as 
possible their undergraduate program. 

A student interested in a career in teaching or in a field related to it should 
as soon as he arrives at Saint Leo College visit the Institute for Creative 
Teaching in Saint Francis Hall to discuss his interest with one of the Educa- 
tion faculty. Since preparation for becoming a teacher is enhanced by many 
informal experiences not necessarily encompassed in courses, he will gain 
much by this visit. 

All students planning to teach should understand that there is a very definite 
relation between all of the courses included in the basic core program and 
their development as prospective teachers. The values in the liberalizing 
arts and sciences, if grasped, not only extend their communication with 
other men and women in all professions but also lead them to greater 
confidence in themselves as persons. From the beginning of their freshman 
year until they are candidates for graduation, they should work earnestly 
to derive the best they can from each required core course. 

Any course in Education offered by the College is open to any student 
as an elective provided he has the prerequisites for the course and the approval 
of his advisor. 



CONCENTRATION IN ELEMENTARY EDUCATION 

Eight courses plus the Senior Seminar in Education are required for a 
concentration in Elementary Education. The following are specified: 
EN 325 The Fine Arts in the Elementary School; either EN 327 Mathematics 
in the Elementary School or EN 329 Science in the Elementary School; 
either EN 421 Language and Literature in the Elementary School or EN 425 
Social and Behavioral Studies in the Elementary School; EN 423 Teaching 
Reading; EN 410 The Internship (equivalent to two courses); and EN 499 
The Senior Seminar in Education. Two courses at the 300 level or above 
may be elected, with approval of the student's advisor, from Education, 
Psychology, or Sociology. 

EN 221 — Human Growth and Development 

Required of students concentrating in Elementary and in Physical Education 
and for certification. Prerequisite to advanced courses in professional Education. 
The growth and development of the child from infancy to adulthood; 



97 



institute for creative teaching 

emphasis on psychological effects of family, peer groups, and social 
institutions; individual differences; theories and supporting research. 
The significance of person is developed. 

EN 321 — The School Program 

Prerequisite: EN 221. Required of students concentrating in Elementary 
and in Physical Education and for certification. An overview of the school 
program from kindergarten through the junior college with specific 
reference to function and goals, curricula, principles of teaching, 
guidance, methods and materials of instruction, evaluation, organization, 
and administration. Emphasis on continuity. Observation of outstanding 
innovations and programs in areas within driving distance of the College. 

EN 323 — Method: The Theory and Practice 

Prerequisite: EN 321. Required of students concentrating in Elementary 
and in Physical Education and for certification. A critical study of the 
theories of learning subsuming current methods of instruction in the 
elementary and secondary schools and in the junior college. Examines 
theories of method in relation to the function of the school, the objec- 
tives of the subject fields, the nature of learning, the role of the learner, 
the role of the teacher, and the unity of knowledge. Evaluates current 
practice in terms of a philosophy which values the individual as a 
person. Intensive study of theory of method concurrent with supervised 
observation of practice and participation in a selected subject field 
such as English, Speech, History, etc., or in a broad area such as Elemen- 
tary Education and Physical Education. 

EN 325 — The Fine Arts in the Elementary School 

Prerequisite: EN 221 or approval. Required of students concentrating in 
Elementary Education. An experiential laboratory course in teaching the 
arts in the elementary school, with emphasis upon (1) the content, 
materials, and techniques used and (2) the creative experience of the 
students. 

EN 327 — Mathematics in the Elementary School 

Prerequisite: EN 221 or approval. An experiential laboratory course 
in the development of the mathematics program of the elementary 
school from kindergarten through the sixth grade. Emphasizes the 
newer, creative approaches and assists students to grasp the problems 
they may actually encounter. Attempts to strengthen each student's 
skills in mathematics and his understanding of basic concepts. 



98 



institute for creative teaching 



EN 329 — Natural Science in the Elementary School 

Prerequisite: EN 221 or approval. An experiential laboratory course in 
the development of a creative program of science in the elementary 
school from kindergarten through the sixth grade. Development of 
ideas and attitudes intrinsic to the nature of science; experience in 
devising guides for doing research at each grade level. Creativity as it 
relates to encouraging curiosity, inquiry, and discovery; to development 
of logical procedures; to teaching the fundamentals; to respecting 
contributions of all toward further truths; to devising criteria for 
evaluation. Construction of tests which test acquisition of objectives 
of teaching science. 

EN 410 — The Internship (equivalent two courses) 

Prerequisites: EN 323, near completion of concentration, and approval 
of Director of Teacher Education. Minimum of eight weeks of super- 
vised teaching in an approved public or non-public school. 

EN 421 — Language and Literature in the Elementary School 

Prerequisite: EN 321. Language as creative effort toward self-expression 
and communication; relation of creative self-expression through lan- 
guage to literature in its most creative forms; approaches to formal 
instruction in language and to the creation and the use of literature in 
the elementary school; examination of outstanding programs in lan- 
guage and literature — their content, resources, and organization, 
formulation of principles for development, implementation, and 
evaluation. 

EN 422 — Audio-Visual Technology 

An elective open to all students of junior or senior status and to sophomores 
with approval of advisor. Designed for students who desire basic knowl- 
edge in the field. Its purpose is to develop understanding of the con- 
cepts related to audio-visual materials and to develop skills in preparing 
and using such materials. 

EN 423 — Teaching Reading 

Prerequisite: EN 323. Required of concentrators in Elementary Education. 
Basic theory underlying different approaches, techniques, equipment, 
materials, and organization, with emphasis on the role of the teacher 
in each; corrective and developmental programs; extensive practice 
directed so far as possible toward the specific teaching goal of the 
individual students. The College Reading Center is used as a laboratory. 



99 



institute for creative teaching 

EN 424 — Educational Psychology 

An elective open to seniors preparing to teach. Understanding of the appli- 
cations of psychological principles to the educational process. Treats 
such topics as individual differences, principles of learning, transfer 
of training, and the nature of reasoning in the light of accepted and 
emergent research; emphasis on concepts of creativity, with explora- 
tion of significant innovative applications. 

EN 425 — Social and Behavioral Studies in the Elementary School 

Prerequisite: EN 221 (EN 321 desirable). Creating a social climate in 
the classroom conducive to the growth of each child and to the devel- 
opment of orderly and productive work patterns; cooperation among 
classes as groups within a school and within the larger community; 
the guidance functions of the classroom teacher; examination of 
outstanding programs in the social studies — their content, resources, 
and organization; formulation of principles for development, imple- 
mentation, and evaluation. 

EN 426 — Principles of Guidance (not offered 1967-1968) 

Prerequisites: EN 221, 321 and a planned concentration leading toward 
teaching. Emphasizes the relation of guidance to the teaching function; 
development of principles; application to specific problems. 

EN 428 — Philosophy of Education (not offered 1967-1968) 

An elective open to seniors. Considers the basic principles, the nature, 
and the ends of education, emphasizing the significance of the intellectual 
and moral virtues in the teaching-learning situation and in the function 
of education in a free society. 

EN 429 — Individual Work 

Prerequisite: Senior status and approval of the Director of Teacher 
Education. Designed to allow the student to pursue in depth a problem 
or research topic related to his particular professional goal. 

EN 499 — Senior Seminar in Education 

Required of all seniors concentrating in Elementary Education and in Physical 
1 -ducat ion. 



100 



institute for creative teaching 



PHYSICAL EDUCATION 



The Program in Physical Education includes (1) the two-year sequence 
in Fitness and Sports required of all students except as indicated below and 
(2) the concentration for students preparing to teach physical education in 
the secondary school, to coach, or to enter the recreational field. A special 
two-year sequence is designed for the students who, for physical causes, are 
unable to take the required core program in physical education. The follow- 
ing students are not required to take the core program: 

1. Veterans with two years of service (one year credit for each year 
of active duty) 

2. Students over thirty-five years of age 

3. Students transferring with junior classification from institutions not 
requiring physical education. 

Required physical education classes meet twice each week during each 
trimester. The student satisfies the requirement when he has completed 
four trimesters with a 2.00 or C average. 



CONCENTRATION IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

Eight courses plus the Senior Seminar in Education are required for a 
concentration in Physical Education. Five are specified as follows: PHE 221 
Principles of Physical Education, PHE 321 Physical Education Activities in 
the School Program, BLY 327 Human Anatomy and Physiology, PHE 421 
Administration of Physical Education and Athletics, and EN 499 The 
Senior Seminar in Education. 

The concentration is completed by the selection of four additional courses 
approved by the advisor. The courses may be selected from Physical Edu- 
cation, Education, Psychology, or Sociology. They may not, however, 
include EN 221, EN 321, and EN 323, which are required but are not a 
part of the concentration. 

PHE 101-102 

Required of all students except those unable to take it for physical causes. 
Emphasis on fitness; includes instruction and participation in team 
sports. Two trimesters. 



101 



institute for creative teaching 

PHE 103-104 

Designed for students unable to take PHE 101-102 for physical reasons. 

PHE 201-202 

Prerequisite: PHE 102. Required of all students except those unable to 
take it for physical reasons. Each student selects and engages in sports 
and recreational activites from the following: golf, tennis, archery, 
pocket billiards, bowling, handball, weightlifting, senior life saving and 
waterfront instruction. 

PHE 203-204 

Prerequisite: PHE 104. Designed for students unable to take PHE 201-202. 

PHE 221 — Principles of Physical Education 

Prerequisite: Sophomore status. Prerequisite to all other physical education 
courses. Required for concentrators. Contemporary theory and practice 
in physical education; emphasis on history, philosophy, and objectives. 

PHE 321 — Physical Education Activities in the School Program 

Prerequisite: PHE 221. Required oj concentrators. Understanding of the 
nature of the various activities needed in the total physical education 
program of a school and of the appropriateness of the activities to the 
level of development of boys and girls; mastery of the related materials, 
equipment, and skills needed by the teacher in each of the activities. 
Special attention is given to the intramural program. 

PHE 323 — Team Sports and Games 

Prerequisite: PHE 221. For women. The principles and practices of 
coaching and teaching women's sports, including fundamentals and 
skills. 

PHE 325 — Theory and Practice of Coaching 

Prerequisites: PHE 221 and BLY 32 7 . For men. The principles and prac- 
tices of coaching varsity sports. The major sports arc emphasized. 
Special consideration is given to the general mental and physical 
training of an athlete. Athletic first aid and officiating are studied 
and practiced. 



10.' 



institute for creative teaching 



PHE 421 — Recreational Leadership and Administration 

Prerequisites: PHE 321 and senior status. The history, practices, policies, 
leadership, and supervision of school and community playgrounds, 
recreational centers, and campus. Special emphasis on study of student 
leadership. 

PHE 423 — Administration of Physical Education and Athletics 

Prerequisites: PHE 321 and senior status. Policies, standards, and pro- 
cedures in the organization and administration of the program of 
education, intramural activities, and varsity athletics. Emphasis on 
the education perspective and the many administrative problems. 



SECRETARIAL SCIENCE 

The two-year terminal program in Secretarial Science is designed to develop 
competent secretaries prepared for employment in the business world 
today. The program provides not only for competency in such skills as 
typewriting, shorthand, office practices, use of machines, and application 
of basic principles of accounting but also for extending the student's back- 
ground in the liberal arts, particularly in English, social science, and the 
humanities. 

Below are described the courses offered in Secretarial Science. The descrip- 
tions of courses in the liberal arts may be found in the appropriate divisions. 
For more detailed information concerning the Secretarial Science Program, write 
to the Dean of Admissions and Records, Saint Leo College. 

BSN 121 — Elementary Shorthand 

Introduction to the principles of Gregg Shorthand, Diamond Jubilee 
Series. Basic skills and shorthand vocabulary stressed, with some 
dictation and transcription practice. Spelling, punctuation, grammar, 
and business vocabulary included. 

BSN 122 — Advanced Shorthand 

Prerequisite: BSN 121. Continuation of basic skills and vocabulary 
building. Increased dictation speed and further development of dictation 
and transcription skill. 



io: 



institute for creative teaching 



BSN 123 — Elementary Typewriting 

A beginning course in the touch operation of the typewriter. Application 
of basic skills of typing to common types of business letters, reports, 
and tabulated materials. 

BSN 124 — Advanced Typewriting 

Prerequisite: BSN 123. Speed and accuracy building procedures em- 
phasized. Further application of basic skills in the production of letters, 
reports, tables, documents, forms, and manuscripts. 

BSN 221 — Secretarial Practice I 

Prerequisites: BSN 122, BSN 124. Development of professional secre- 
tarial concepts and personality traits. Includes human relations, groom- 
ing, handling mail, telephone techniques, business communications, 
travel arrangements. Special instruction and practice in records control 
and business machines. 

BSN 222 — Secretarial Practice II 

Prerequisite: BSN 221. Continued development and understanding 
of secretarial duties and responsibilities, including banking procedures, 
financial records, business reports and legal papers, meetings and con- 
ferences, duplicating procedures, business machines. Special instruction 
and practice in data processing aimed at developing basic understanding 
of the principles of processing data by automatic means. 

BSN 223 — Dictation and Transcription I 

Prerequisites: BSN 122, BSN 124. Designed to strengthen basic skills 
and knowledge of shorthand and typewriting. Emphasis on dictation 
and transcription skills. Programmed drills in spelling, punctuation, 
and vocabulary improvement. 

BSN 224 — Dictation and Transcription II 

Prerequisite: BSN 223. Further development of dictation and trans- 
cription skills and production of mailable business correspondence. 



104 



VII. Personnel 



BOARD OF DIRECTORS 



Mr. Robert Andrew Brown 
Palm Beach, Florida 

Mr. John S. Burks 

Dade City, Florida 

Mr. Henry C. Hughes 

St. Louis, Missouri 

Rev. Stephen Herrmann, O.S.B. 
Saint Leo, Florida 

Rt. Rev. Abbot Marion Bowman, O.S.B. 
Saint Leo, Florida 

Rev. James Hoge, O.S.B. 
Saint Leo, Florida 

Rev. Andrew Metzger, O.S.B. 
Saint Leo, Florida 

Br. Paul Tennis, O.S.B. 
Saint Leo, Florida 

Rev. Mother Carmen Young, O.S.B. 
Saint Leo, Florida 



1QS 



personnel 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 



Mr. Robert Andrew Brown 
Palm Beach, Florida 

Mr. John S. Burks 
Dade City, Florida 



Mr. V. M. Newton, Jr. 
Tampa, Florida 

Honorable S. C. O'Connell 
Tallahassee, Florida 



Mr. N. S. Burns, Sr. 
Dade City, Florida 

Dr. Louis H. Clerf 
St. Petersburg, Florida 

Mr. Francis H. Corrigan 
San Antonio, Florida 



Mr. W. V. Register 
St. Petersburg, Florida 

Mrs. R. W. Roberts 
St. Petersburg, Florida 

Mr. H. Earl Smalley 
Miami, Florida 



Mr. Gerald Gould 
Lehigh Acres, Florida 

Mr. Raleigh W. Greene, Jr. 
St. Petersburg, Florida 

Mr. Henry C. Hughes 
St. Louis Missouri 



Mr. Robert Smalley 
New York, New York 

Mr. Wayne Thomas, Sr. 
Tampa, Florida 

Rev. Stephen Herrmann, O.S.B, 
Saint Leo, Florida 



Mr. Fred Karl 

Daytona Beach, Florida 

Mr. Charles Lovette 
Fort Wayne, Indiana 

Mr. C. P. McCabe 
San Antonio, Florida 



Rt. Rev. Abbot Marion Bowman, O.S.B. 
Saint Leo, Florida 

Rev. James Lloge, O.S.B. 
Saint Leo, Florida 

Rev. Andrew Metzger, O.S.B. 
Saint Leo, Florida 



Mrs. Helene Morris 
Sarasota, Florida 



Brother Paul Tennis, O.S.B. 
Saint Leo, Florida 



Mr. John J. Noilly, Sr. 
St. Petersburg, Florida 



Rev. Mother Carmen Young, O.S.B. 
Saint Leo, Florida 



lor, 



personnel 

OFFICERS OF THE COLLEGE 

Rev. Stephen Herrmann, O.S.B President 

Rev. Robert Velten, O.S.B Vice President 

Rev. Gregory Traeger, O.S.B Secretary 

Mr. A. James Christiansen Treasurer 



ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS 

Rt. Rev. Abbot Marion Bowman, O.S.B. 
Chancellor 

Rev. Stephen Herrmann, O.S.B. 
President 

Rev. Robert Velten, O.S.B. 

Administrative Vice President 
Dean of Student Affairs 

Mr. Allan Powers 

Vice President for Development and Public Relations 

Dr. Edward L. Flemming 

Dean of Academic Affairs 

Rev. Dennis Murphy, O.S.B. 

Dean of Records and Admissions 

Dr. Clara Olson 

Assistant to the President for The Institute for Creative Teaching 

Mr. A. James Christiansen 
Comptroller 

Rev. Mother Carmen Young, O.S.B. 
Prioress, Holy Name Priory 



107 



personnel 



FACULTY 



Mr. Setty Adisesh (1965) 

B.S., Central College, Mysore; M.S., Central College, Mysore; 
Ph.D., Kent State University 
Assistant Professor: Chemistry 

Mr. Richard L. Angerer (1967) 

B.S., St. Ambrose College; M.S., Purdue University 
Instructor: Chemistry 

Mrs. Elizabeth Armstrong (1966) 

B.A., University of South Florida 
Teaching Assistant: French 

Mrs. Priscilla Austin (1967) 

B.A., Radcliffe College; B.A., University of South Florida; 
M.A., University of Florida 
Instructor: Spanish 

Mr. Leopoldo Martinez Azoy (1965) 

B.A., Instituto Cuba; Ph.D., University of Havana 

Assistant Professor: Spanish 

Mr. C. Nesbitt Blaisdell (1967) 

B.A., Amherst College; M.F.A., Columbia University 
Assistant Projessor: Theatre 

Mrs. Ruth Brightwell (1967) 
B.S., Ohio State University 
Instructor: Secretarial Science and Coordinator of the Program 

Mr. William Casey (1965) 

B.S., St. Bonaventure College; M.A., Georgetown University 

Assistant Professor: Social Science 

Miss Virginia Chang (1967) 

B.A., Mankato State College; M.L.S., University of Oklahoma 
Instructor: Library Assistant 

Mr. David Cohen (1965) 

B.S., United States Naval Academy; M.S., Florida State University; 

Ph.D., Florida State University 

Associate Professor: Mathematics and Audio-Visual Technology 



109 



personnel 

Mr. Thomas J. Crosby (1967) 
B.A., Saint Leo College 
Teaching Assistant: Physical Education, Coach 

Mr. John A. Dohr (1967) 

B.A., Aquinas Institute; M.A., Aquinas Institute; Ph.L., Aquinas 

Institute 

Instructor: Philosophy 

Rev. Fidelis Dunlap, O.S.B. (1958) 

B.A., St. Vincent College; M.S. in L.S., The Catholic University 

of America 

Associate Professor: Librarian 

Rev. Damian DuQuesnay, O.S.B. (1966) 

B.S., St. Benedict's College; M.A., The Catholic University of America 
Assistant Professor: Biology 
Associate Chaplain 

Mr. James Dyson (1966) 

A.B., Little Rock College; A.M., Little Rock College; M.A., Peabody 
College; B.S. in L.S., Peabody College 
Assistant Professor: Assistant Librarian 

Mr. James Erpenbeck (1967) 

B.A., St. Meinrad College; M.A., University of Notre Dame; 
Ph.D., University of Notre Dame 
Associate Professor: Philosophy 

Miss Marjorie Esser (1967) 

B.S., St. Joseph College; M.S., University of Illinois 
Assistant Professor: Mathematics 

Mr. Howard E. Fagan (1967) 

B.S., Northern Illinois University 

Instructor: Physical Education, Head Basketball Coach 

Mr. Joseph A. Flahaven (1967) 

B.A., St. John's Seminary; M.A., St. John's University 
Instructor: Theology 



no 



personnel 

Mr. Edward Flemming (1966) 

B.S., Bridgewater Teachers College; M.Ed., Harvard; M.A., Columbia 

University; M.P.H., University of North Carolina; Ed.D., Columbia 

University 

Dean of Academic Affairs 

Professor: Psychology 

Rev. William Fucheck, O.S.B. (1965) 
B.A., St. John's University 
Teaching Assistant: Coach (Part Time) 

Miss Joyce Gamewell (1967) 

B.S., University of Colorado; M.A., Colorado State College; 
Ed.D., Colorado State College 
Assistant Professor: Counseling 

Mrs. Margaret Gappa (1967) 

B.A., Mary crest College; M.A., St. John's University, Collegeville 
Instructor: Theology 

Mr. Robert A. Gappa (1967) 

B.A., St. John's University, Collegeville; M.A., St. John's University, 

Collegeville 

Instructor: Theology 

Mr. Joseph Geiger (1962) 

A.B., University of Florida 
Instructor: Art 

Mrs. Llona Geiger (1964) 

B.A., University of South Florida 
Instructor: French, German 

Mr. Harry Gill (1963) 

B.A., St. Brendan's College; M.A., University of London 
Assistant Professor: Political Science, History 

Msgr. Bernard Gingras (1965) 

B.A., College of Ste. Marie; M. A., Jesuits; Ph.D., Montreal University; 
Ph.D., Universite de Paris 

Professor: Psychology , Counseling 



ill 



personnel 

Mr. Gene Goforth (1967) 

BBA, Sam Houston State; M.A., Sam Houston State; Ph.D., Indiana 

University 

Director of Institutional Research 

Acting Chairman: Division of Social Science 

Associate Professor: Economics 

Mr. George S. Good (1967) 

B.Th., Northwest Christian College; B.D., Drake University; 
Ph.D., University of Iowa 
Assistant Professor: Theology 

Mr. Earl Grauer (1966) 

B.M.Ed., University of Southern Mississippi; M.M., Southern Illinois 

University 

Director of Summer Institutes 

Assistant Professor: Music, Choral Director 

Mr. John Groselle (1959) 

B.A., Case Institute of Technology 
Instructor: Graphics (Part Time) 

Mr. Richard Guenther (1966) 

B.A., University of. Louis ville ; M.A., Indiana University 
Instructor: Art 

*Rev. Martin Guiteras, O.S.B. (1963) 

B.A., St. John's University, Collegeville 

Instructor: French 

Chaplain 

Mr. John Hernandez (1966) 

BSBA, University of Florida; C.P.A. 
Instructor: Business (Part Time) 

Rev. Stephen Herrmann, O.S.B. (1958) 

B.A., St. Benedict's College; M.A., The Catholic University of America; 

Ed.D., University of Florida 

President 

Professor: Philosophy and Education 



* On leave of absence 1967-1968 



112 



personnel 

Mrs. Marguerite Hertz (1966) 

B.S., Northern Illinois State Teacher's College; M.S., Indiana University 
Instructor: Women s Physical Education 

Mr. John E. Higgins (1967) 

A.B., Morehead State College; A.M., Morehead State College 

Assistant Professor: Music 

Miss Ellamay Horan (1967) 

B.A., Saint Mary-of-the- Woods; M.A., University of Chicago; 

Ph.D., Loyola University, Chicago 

Special Assistant to the President for Research Projects 

Professor: Religious Education (Part Time) 

Mr. James Horgan (1965) 

A.B., Athenaeum of Ohio; A.M., St. Louis University; Ph.D., St. Louis 

University 

Assistant Professor: History 

Rev. Joseph R. Houbnck, O.S.B. (1963) 

B.A., St. Bernard College; M.A., University of Miami 
Instructor: Biology 

Mr. M. L. Howe (1966) 
Ph.D., Yale 
Assistant Professor: English 

Mr. EarlT. Howell (1967) 

B.A., University of Florida; M.A., University of Florida 
Assistant Professor: English, Speech Therapist 

Rev. Augustine Irvin, O.S.B. (1966) 

A.B., St. John's University, Collegeville 
Teaching Assistant: Spanish (Part Time) 
Chaplain 

Mr. Norman Kaye (1966) 

B.S., Northern Illinois University; M.S., Northern Illinois University 

Director of Athletics 

Assistant Professor: Physical Education, Coach, Intramurals 

Mr. John Keller (1966) 

B.S., Kent State University; D.D.S., Western Reserve University 
Associate Professor: Biology 



11.; 



personnel 

Rev. Henry J. Koren, C.S.Sp. (1967) 

Ph.D., The Catholic University of America 
Professor: Ph ilosophy 

Col. Marvin Kreidberg (1966) 

B.S., University of Minnesota; M.A., University of Florida 
Instructor: History 

Rev. Jude Krogol, O.S.B. (1965) 
B.A., St. Bernard Seminary 
Teaching Assistant: Latin (Part Time) 
Chaplain 

Mr. Carlton Lane (1966) 

B.S., Worcester Polytechnic Institute; S.M., Brown University; 
Ph.D., Brown University 
Associate Professor: Mathematics 

Rev. Alphonse Loaiza, O.S.B. (1965) 
M.Ph., St. Anselmo, Roma 
Teaching Assistant: Spanish (Part Time) 

Mr. Pablo Lopez (1966) 

B.A., Indiana State University; M.S., Indiana State University; 
LL.D., University of Havana 
Assistant Professor: Spanish 

Sr. Caroline Maertens, O.S.B. (1959) 

B.A.E., University of Florida; M.A., University of Notre Dame 
Assistant Professor: English and Education 

Rev. Malachy Maguire, O.S.B. (1963) 

B.A., Seton Hall University; M.S. in Ed., Temple University 
Instructor: Science 

Mr. Robert Marsh (1967) 

B.S., Central Michigan University; M.A., Central Michigan University; 
Ph.D., Central Michigan University 
Assistant Professor: Education 

Sr. Scholastica Martin, O.S.B. (1964) 

A.B., Webster College; M.A., University of Notre Dame 

Instructor: Sociology, Social Science 



i i 



personnel 

Mr. John McKay (1965) 

Ph. Lie, France: Dominican House 

Associate Professor: Philosophy 

Mr. Walter J. McNichols (1967) 
LL.B., DePaul University 
Instructor: Business and Economics 

Mr. William Meyer (1967) 

B.S., University of Missouri 

Instructor: Physical Education, Coach, Intramurals 

Sr. Dorothy Neuhofer, O.S.B. (1965) 

B.S., Barry College; M.A. in L.S., Rosary College 
Instructor: Reference Librarian 

Mrs. Clara Olson (1962) 

A.B., Florida State College for Women; M.A.E., University of Florida; 
Ph.D., Peabody College 

Assistant to the President: Director, Institute for Creative Teaching 
Projessor: Education 

Mr. Ralph Pendexter (1965) 

B.S., Virginia Polytechnic Institute 
Instructor: French 

Miss Michele Petrillo (1967) 
B.A., Saint Leo College 
Kindergarten Teacher 

Mr. Dennis W. Phillips (1967) 

B.A., University of South Florida; B.F.A., Ringling School of Art; 
M.F.A., University of South Florida 
Instructor: Art 

Mr. Henry D. Pope (1967) 

B.S., Stephen F. Austin State College; M.S., East Texas State University 
Instructor: Chemistry 

Mr. Herbert Prizeman (1966) 

B.A., New Mexico Western College; M.A., University of California 
Assistant Projessor: English, Dramatics 



115 



personnel 

Br. Giles Rettig, O.S.B. (1963) 

B.S., Pennsylvania State University 
Teaching Assistant: English (Part Time) 

Br. Francis Reilly, O.S.B. (1964) 

A.B., University of South Florida 

Teaching Assistant: Social Science (Part Time) 

Sr. Mary Grace Riddles, O.S.B. (1959) 

B.A., Mount St. Scholastica College; M.Ed., St. Louis University 
Assistant Professor: English 

Mr. Richard Rodwick (1966) 

B.S., State University College, New Paltz; M.S., State University 

of New York; Ph.D., Colorado State University 

Dean oj Men 

Assistant Professor: Psychology 

Mr. Christopher M. Ryan (1967) 

B.S., College of the City of New York; M.A., New York University; 
Ph.D., New York University 
Professor: Economics and Business 

Rev. Leo Schlosser, O.S.B. (1963) 
Assistant Registrar 
Teaching Assistant: Theology (Part Time) 

Mr. Donavon M. Schmoll (1967) 

B.S.Ed., Illinois State University Normal; M.A., New York University; 
M.A. in L.S., University of Wisconsin 
Instructor: Library Assistant 

*Rev. Lawrence Schuck, O.S.B. (1965) 

B.A., St. John's University; S.T.L., Pontifical University 
Instructor: Theology 

Br. Meinrad Schwartz, O.S.B. (1967) 
B.A., St. Benedict's College 
Teaching Assistant: Reading 



* On leave of absence 1967-1968 



11 f> 



personnel 

Mr. Larry Sledge (1967) 

M.M., Southern Illinois University 
Instructor: Music 

Sr. Maura Snyder, O.S.B. (1965) 

A.B., Mount St. Scholastica; M.A., University of Notre Dame 
Dean of Women 
Instructor: English 

o 

Mr. William Nicholas Stoffel 

B.A., University of Florida; M.Ed., University of Florida 
Instructor: Psychology , Guidance and Counseling 

Rev. Edward Sullivan (1965) 
B.Ph., Trinity College 
Instructor: Theology 

Rev. Mark Toon, O.S.B. (1967) 

B.A., St. Meinrad College; M.A., The Catholic University of America; 
Ph.D., The Catholic University of America 
Chairman: Division of Philosophy and Theolooy 
Associate Professor: Philosophy 

Rev. Robert Velten, O.S.B. (1959) 

A.B., St. Benedict's College; M.S., University of Notre Dame 
Administrative Vice President 
Dean of Student Ajjairs 
Assistant Professor: Mathematics 

Mr. Gerald A. Wagner (1967) 

B.S., University of Southern Mississippi; M.A., University of Southern 
Mississippi; Ph.D., Indiana University 

Assistant Professor: Speech 

Mr. Thomas Wallenmaier (1967) 

B.A., Sacred Heart Seminary College; M.A., Marquette University 
Instructor: Philosophy 

Mrs. Meltha Watts (1966) 

B.A., Bowling Green State University; M.S., University of Michigan 

Assistant Projessor: Education 



117 



personnel 

Mrs. Frances H. Wilkes (1967) 

B.A., University of South Florida 
Instructor: English 

Mr. William Wilkes (1966) 

B.A., Brigham Young University; Ph.D., University of Southern 

California 

Chairman: Division of Fine Arts 

Professor: Humanities 

Mrs. Patricia Winski (1964) 

B.S., University of Minnesota; M.A., University of Minnesota 
Instructor: Biology 

Mr. Herbert F. Wolf (1964) 

Ph.D., German University of Prague 

Chairman: Division of Natural Science and Mathematics 

Professor: Chemistry 

Mr. Anthony Zaitz (1966) 

B.S.O., Curry College; M.A., Boston University; Ph.D., University 

of Wisconsin 

Chairman: Division of Language and Literature 

Professor: English and Literature 

Mr. Miguel Zepeda (1962) 

B.A., Syracuse University; M.A., Syracuse University 
Assistant Professor: Mathematics 



us 



STAFF 



personnel 



Br. Bernard Aurentz,O.S.B. 

Secretary to the Chancellor 

Mr. Marcus Baker 
Manager, Snack Bar 

Mrs. Ellen Barnett 
Clerk, Duplicating Room 

Mr. Joseph Barnett 
Housekeeper 

Mrs. Marjorie Barthle 
Clerk, Financial Aids Office 

Mrs. Harper Boaz 

Clerk, Records and Admissions Office 

Mrs. Charlotte Brooks 
Receptionist, Stenographer, 
President's Office 

Mrs. Alice Burger 
Clerk, Library 

Miss Gertrude Corrigan 
Clerk, Development Office 

Rev. Paul Coutu, I.V.Dei 
Chaplain 

Br. Patrick Creamer, O.S.B. 
Campus Mail 

Mrs. Frances Elwell 
Bursar 

Mrs. Beth Evans 

Secretary, Division of Fine Arts 



Mrs. Nadine Fowler 
Secretary to Administrative 
Vice President 

Mrs. Betty Freeman 
Secretary to Dean of Men, Dean 
of Women 

Mrs. Helen Garrett 
Secretary, Division of Language and 
Literature 

Br. David Gormican, O.S.B. 
Clerk, Business Office 

Br. Albert Gowen, O.S.B. 
Receiving Agent 

Miss Virginia Greif 
Clerk, Public Relations 

Mrs. Clothilde Heiser, R.N. 
School Nurse 

Mrs. Connie Horning 
Secretary to Vice President for 
Development and Public Relations 

Mrs. Dolores Hust 
Clerk, Library 

Miss Josephine Jurik 
Secretary, Division of Natural 
Science and Mathematics 

Miss Kathleen Karan 
Clerk, Library 

Mr. Patrick Kelly 
Public Relations 



personnel 



Mrs. Marie Klausch 
Manager, Records and 
Admissions Office 

Mrs. Mercedes Korchak 
Secretary to the President 

Mr. Donald Kreusch 
Manager, Campus Store 

Miss Sherry Lee 
Secretary to Director of 
Plant Operations 

Mrs. Catherine Lovelace 
Secretary to Director of 
Summer Institutes 

Mrs. Linda Lovelace 

Clerk, Records and Admissions Office 

Mrs. Mary Maddox 
Supervisor of Dining Room 

Mrs. Elizabeth Marsh 
Secretary to Dean Emeritus and 
Institute for Creative Teaching 

Mrs. Frances McLoughlin 
Secretary, Records and 
Admissions Office 

Mrs. Patricia Mehan 

Secretary to Dean of Academic Affairs 

Rev. Andrew Metzger, O.S.B. 
Director of College Press 

Br. George Montpctit, O.S.B. 
Assistant Director, Plant Operations 

Miss Elizabeth Nathc 
Secretary to Comptroller 



Miss Linda Nathe 
Clerk, Data Processing 

Mr. Walter Pophck 
Chief of Security 

Brother Jerome Reimer, O.S.B. 
Director of Golf Course 

Mrs. Patricia Rozar 

Secretary, Division of Social Science 

Mrs. Marion Ruffing 
Records Coordinator 

Mr. Peter Paul Salesses 
Audio-Visual Resources 

Mr. Jack Savage 
Assistant, Plant Operations 

Mr. Gerald Schambeau 
Supervisor of Student Service 

Br. James Schaufhausen, O.S.B. 
Clerk, Library 

Rev. Leo Schlosser, O.S.B. 
Assistant Registrar 

Mr. Harold Schneider 
Director of Plant Operations 

Mr. Dennis Seibert 
Manager of Data Processing 

Mr. Ernest Simons 
Chef 

Miss Romanic Speed 
Clerk-Typist, Records and 
Admissions Office 



120 



personnel 



Rev. Gregory Traeger, O.S.B. 
Secretary, Assistant Treasurer 

Miss Diane Tsacrios 
Clerk, Data Processing 

Mrs. Hazel Whitman 
Director of Social Affairs 



Mrs. Betty Wilson 
Clerk, Business Office 



Mrs. Regina Zepeda 

Supervisor, Language Laboratory 



GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF STUDENTS, 1966-1967 



Alabama 


1 


New Jersey 


261 


California 


2 


New York 


217 


Connecticut 


91 


North Carolina 


2 


Delaware 


2 


Ohio 


16 


District of Columbia 


11 


Pennsylvania 


34 


Florida 


252 


Rhode Island 


14 


Georgia 


6 


South Carolina 


2 


Hawaii 


1 


Tennessee 


2 


Illinois 


26 


Virginia 


31 


Indiana 


4 


Wisconsin 


4 


Kentucky 


3 


Guatemala 




Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Missouri 


1 

1 

20 

33 

1 

1 


West Indies 
Aruba, N.A. 
A.P.O., New York 
South America 




Canal Zone 




New Hampshire 


2 


Total Enrollment 


1,047 



121 



LIST OF GRADUATES OF CHARTER CLASS 



Donald Lawrence Acker 
Manhassett, New York 

Jeane Anne Baumann 
Brooklyn, New York 

Robert E. Beaumont 
San Antonio, Florida 

James William Beck 
Dayton, Ohio 

John Anthony Bermingham 
Evanston, Illinois 

Carolyn Josephine Bolton 
Dade City, Florida 

Charles L. Bond 
Pensacola, Florida 

Joseph Jerome Booth 
Kingston, Pennsylvania 

James Joseph Bree 
Denville, New Jersey 

Thomas Joseph Crosby, Jr. 
St. Petersburg, Florida 

George William Deyo, Jr. 
Milford, Connecticut 

William Gerald Dooley 
Fall River, Massachusetts 

Paul Daniel Duggan 
Fort Lauderdale, Florida 

Randolph Charles Elsesser 
Dover, Delaware 



Thomas James Fisher 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 

John Patrick Flaherty 
New York, New York 

Melvin Manuel Gallar 
Tampa, Florida 

Stephen John Galo 
Chicago, Illinois 

Raymond John Hanyak 
Camillus, New York 

Edward Thomas Helfrich 
Spring Lake, New Jersey 

Mary Jane Cecilia Hullfish 
Trenton, New Jersey 

Mary Hoge Jones 
Zephyrhills, Florida 

Edward O. Kenlan, Jr. 
Montclair, New Jersey 

George James Kennedy, Jr. 
Levittown, Pennsylvania 

Thomas Paul Lacey 
Huntington, New York 

Louis Edward Lantman 
Cincinnati, Ohio 

Louis Stanley Liptak, Jr. 
Oak Ridge, New Jersey 

James Raymond Lyons 
Chicago, Illinois 



122 



charter class graduates 



Paul Vincent Lyons 
Thomastown, Connecticut 

James Carroll Magarahan 
Spartanburg, South Carolina 

William Leonard Martin 
Dade City, Florida 

Richard P. McCabe 
San Antonio, Florida 



Joseph Michael Orchulli 
Phillipsburg, New Jersey 

Joseph Martin Perhac 
Warwick, Rhode Island 

Michele Ellen Petrillo 
West Haven, Connecticut 

Linn Kirkland Pool 
Winter Park, Florida 



Hugh Peter McCloskey 
Brooklyn, New York 

John Walter McKay 
Des Plaines, Illinois 



David William Quinn, Jr. 
Stateville, North Carolina 

Janice Katherine Richter 
San Antonio, Florida 



John Patrick McMahon, Jr. 
Kensington, Maryland 

Nancy Irene McNally 
Westbury, New York 

Michael Francis Miron 
Atlantic City, New Jersey 

Paul Andrew Morrissey 
Rockville Center, New York 



Michael John Romano 
Staten Island, New York 

Helen Marie Russell 
Homestead, Florida 

Thomas Francis Russo 
Largo, Florida 

Peter Paul Salesses 
Providence, Rhode Island 



Peter Joseph Mulry, Jr. 
Rutherford, New Jersey 

Timothy J. Murphy 
St. Petersburg, Florida 

Elizabeth Ann Nathe 
St. Joseph, Florida 

Thomas John O'Keefe 
Dade City, Florida 



Janice Mary Selltitz 
Seaford, New York 

Donald Francis Simpson 
Long Beach, New York 

Kenneth Robert Swan 
Miami, Florida 

Wayne Joaquin Tamargo 
Jacksonville, Florida 



123 



charter class graduates 



Robert Francis Tracey 
East Rockaway, New York 

Dennis Edward Vacenovsky 
Brooksville, Florida 

Forrest Edward Veit 
Douglaston, New York 

Dorothy Aleda Wallezer 
Brooksville, Florida 



Ralph Thomas White 
Palm Beach Shores, Florida 

Rodney Harris Williamson 
Jacksonville, Florida 

Ruth Ann Williamson 
Valdosta, Georgia 

Harold Frederick Wise, Jr. 
Waterford, Connecticut 



124 



INDEX 



Academic Program 45 

Academic Regulations 31 

Academic Standards, 

Procedures 37 

Academic Standing 36 

Admissions 31 

Aid Programs, Financial, 

Federal Government .... 27 

Art 66 

Automobiles 21 

Biology 73 

Calendar 3 

Campus Facilities 11 

Chemistry 75 

Comprehensives 53 

Concentrations 48, 56-104 

Core Program 46 

Counseling 13 

Courses of Instruction 55 

Creative Teaching, 

Institute for 95 

Curriculum 9 

Deferred Payment, Tuition 

and Fees 24 

Deferred Payment Plan, Loans . 29 

Degree Requirements 41 

Economics and Business 83 

Elementary Education, 

Concentration in 97 

Eligibility Rule 20 

English 61 

Financial Regulations 23 

Financial Responsibility 24 

Fine Arts, Division of 65 

Flexibility 50 

Foreign Language 63 

French 63 

German 63 

Grading 34 

History 7 

History, Courses in 86 



Honors 42 

Humanities 68 

Institute for Creative Teaching . 95 
Literature and Language, 

Division of 59 

Loans, John I. Leonard 

Loan Fund 26 

Mathematics 78 

Music 68 

Natural Science and Mathematics, 

Division of 72 

Numbering System 55 

Payment Schedule 23 

Personal Property 24 

Personnel 105 

Philosophy 56 

Philosophy and Theology, 

Division of 56 

Physical Education 101 

Physics 81 

Placement Service 22 

Political Science 88 

Preview — History of the 

College 7 

Psychology 90 

Purposes of the College 8 

Recognition Front Cover 

Recreation Facilities 17 

Recreational and Athletic 

Program 16 

Refund Policy 24 

Religious Life 14 

Scholarships, Funded 26 

Secretarial Science 10, 103 

Seminars 52 

Services . 12 

Social Science, Basic Course ... 83 
Social Science, Division of ... 82 

Social Studies 93 

Sociology 94 

Spanish 63 



125 



index 



Speech 64 Student Service 20 

Student Aid 25 Symbols Used for Courses ... 56 

Student Government and Other Teacher Education 95 

Organizations 17 Theatre 70 

Student Handbook, Theology 59 

Reminders from 21 Tuition and Fees 23 

Student Health Service 21 United Student Aid Funds, Inc. . 28 

Student Life and Activities ... 13 Veterans Administration 29 

Student Publications 18 Work Scholarships, Saint Leo . 27 



120 



printed by Saint Leo Press Saint Leo, Florida 33574